Almost daily assassinations are taking place in the city of Daraa in southern Syria, amid a state of chaos and insecurity that has increased dangerously, since the Damascus government conducted so-called “settlements” or “reconciliations” under Russian auspices.
The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights has counted, the occurrence of 274 targeting in the area, all of which took place in different ways and methods, causing the death of 229 people, 115 of whom were citizens and 92 members of the Damascus government forces and those who cooperated with the "security services" and members of the "security forces".
These gargantuan numbers of targeting and killing rates indicate the extent of the deterioration of the security situation in Daraa, as well as the extent to which the so-called “settlements” made by the Damascus government under Russian auspices have failed twice, the first in 2018 and the second in 2021 - which amounted to “formal reconciliations that did not increase.” Putting a shield is only worse,” according to observers.
Revenge and conflict of interest
The Syrian writer and journalist, Adnan Ali, attributed the security chaos prevailing in Daraa to two reasons, telling our agency in this regard: "I believe that the state of security chaos that has prevailed in Daraa and the entire southern region since the regime forces took control of the province in the summer of 2018, is a deliberate policy to a large extent, the regime side," explaining that "it has several goals, the first goal is to take revenge on the governorate, which was the cradle of the revolution against the regime, and the insistence of some of the regime's security leaders to liquidate everyone involved in this movement, whether in its civilian or military part, including those who have entered into successive settlement agreements with the regime's security services."
With the Syrian crisis entering its 12th year in mid-March, violent clashes erupted between Damascus government forces and local gunmen in the city of Jassim in the northern countryside of Daraa, after a security patrol of the first raided the city and surrounded some residential buildings in an attempt to arrest a group of local gunmen. Those who reject the so-called "compromises", in an effort to subjugate its opponents to its previous rule and undermine them.
Ali continued: "The other reason is that the active leaders of the security services in the south, the Fourth Division, and the militias of Iran, led by Hezbollah, each of them has become to a large extent working for his own account. Some of the issues, also competing, with the aim of acquiring the spoils, which are now mainly represented by drugs, after the south of Syria (Daraa and As-Suwayda) turned into a main passage for this profitable trade towards Jordan, and from there to the Arab Gulf states.
The Syrian journalist and writer explains that "the drug trade has become today the main source of income not only for the regime and Hezbollah, but also for the leaders of the security services and the Fourth Division, and it is in the interest of all of them that the southern region does not witness stability, which makes the local community united in resisting this corruption of society through drugs".
Beginning of the End
Although years have passed since the start of the crisis, the Damascus government has not taken any actual action to solve it, and failed to put an end to the suffering of the people, 90% of whom live below the poverty line as a result of the deteriorating economic situation and its old mentality by imposing the so-called "compromises" that are useless.
Observers and politicians believe that the Damascus government is playing a negative role by insisting on resolving the Syrian crisis in accordance with its mentality and behavior that exploits the deteriorating situation of the people of Syria, in order to expand its influence and follow reconciliation procedures devoid of national standards.
The Syrian writer and journalist, Adnan Ali, explained that the Damascus government - of course - cannot engage in any real settlement to find a political solution to the situation that has become intractable in Syria, noting that this comes "because it is fully aware that any real political solution is the beginning of the end for this." The unreformable regime, which can only continue with the security grip, and from which we find that it evades any political entitlements based on international sponsorship from Security Council resolutions to Astana and Geneva.
Ali explains, "The truth is that what the regime believes is true, because any political solution must necessitate the neutralization of the army and security institutions, so that they are not subject to the absolute authority of the regime, but to a government representative of all segments of the Syrian people. Also, such a solution, even if it is not expressly stated In order to bring down the system, it must limit the absolute powers enjoyed by the head of state, and distribute them to the executive (the government), the legislative (parliament, elected local councils) and the judiciary (an independent judiciary), which ultimately means the end of the system that does not accept participation, not in neither power nor wealth."
A way to impose power as before
The Syrian writer and journalist, Adnan Ali, confirmed at the conclusion of his speech that "the settlements that the regime adheres to as an alternative to political solutions, do not constitute a real solution, because they do not address the causes of conflict between the regime and the people, which are represented in the popular objection to the regime of absolute rule, and the ultimate goal of these settlements is Restoring the authority of the regime as it was before, without any change in the structure of governance against which the people revolted.