Caesar's Act casts shadow over area ... Opening Tel Koçber crossing urgent necessity

More than 5 million of the northeast Syria are on the verge of an imminent humanitarian catastrophe, due to the implementation of the Caesar Act sanctions by the United States of America on the country, and the continued closure of the Tel Kocber/ Al-Yarubia border crossing in the face of humanitarian aid after the Russian veto.

The CA's repercussions on Syria began negatively affected the lives of citizens throughout the country. Autonomous-administrated areas were not spared from these repercussions after closing the only aid crossing to the region after the Russian veto in the Security Council.

Despite American statements that the CA targets the Syrian officials, in addition to the Assad family, the areas of AA have also been affected by the sanctions. This is reflected in the living reality of the population.

 What America said is not applied on the ground

In this context, the economist Alaa eddin Farhan pointed out that the American statements are inconsistent with what is going on on the ground. He said, "According to the American statements, the Autonomous-administrated areas are exempt from the sanctions and it will provide support to the region, but the de facto is different, as many residents are unable to secure their basic needs, "pointing out that this matter will negatively affect security and stability in the region.

As for a displaced from the occupied Serêkaniyê by Turkey and who lives in Al-Darbasiyah, Farid Mulla Darwish,  said: “CA has greatly affected our living conditions. The living conditions are deteriorating in every field of life and we do not have a trick.

Al-Hasakah's residents Aziz Ali, the trader , indicated that CA had negative effects on the region as well, as a result of the collapse of the value of the Syrian pound against foreign currencies, and high prices of food commodities that come to the region from government areas or from abroad.

This Act will directly affect the autonomous regions

While the economic researcher Jeleng Omar sees that autonomous-administrated areas will not be excluded from the sanctions repercussions on Syria, and he said: "Any repercussions will directly affect the areas of AA as well. For example, some medicines are not found and expensive, considering the materials of the pharmaceutical industry only enters the country via Damascus. "

Most areas of northeast Syria have been witnessing  since the last mid-June, the loss of many drugs and pharmacies, and the high prices, as Girkê Legê people confirmed district confirmed to our agency.

The Caesar’s Act sanctions comes at a time when the only crossing - Tel Koçber / Al-Yarubia - through which humanitarian aid passes to the northeast regions of Syria, is completely closed to international humanitarian organizations and aid, after it was closed on January 10, after the Russian veto in the Council Security.

In this context, Fener Kaite said: "Currently, the crossing is still completely closed, there are promises to reopen."

He added: "In the areas of northeast Syria, there are approximately 4 to 5 million people, along with the displaced and refugees, all of whom are deprived of the aid because all the crossings are under the Syrian government control on the one hand, and the Turkish occupation and its mercenaries on the other that is why the aid is not admitted to our areas."

The Tel Koçber / Al-Yarubia crossing point is the second largest border crossing between Syria and Iraq, in the far northeast of Syria, 135 km northeast of Al-Hasakah city. The YPG and the YPJ freed the crossing from the mercenaries of Jabhat al-Nusra and ISIS in late October 2013.

As he demanded the Russia not veto the crossing reopen, he said: "It is a purely humanitarian issue. We hope that Russia will not politicize it, because the huge numbers of people in northeast Syria have an urgent need to obtain this assistance ".

The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, Filippo Grandi, said on the 18th of last June in the Security Council: “Politicizing the humanitarian situation in Syria contributed greatly to the increase in the number of refugees in the past year, as the number of refugees, displaced persons and asylum seekers reached 13.2 million Syrians. Syria has entered its tenth year of conflict, and the conflict is still visible in some areas.

Closing Tel Koçber crossing came under Russia and China pressure on the United Nations at the United Nations session on January 10 of this year. It also included the Ramtha crossing on the Syrian-Jordanian border, opening only the Syrian government controlled crossings and that under the Turkish occupation.

Ahmed Al-Jassem from Tal Hamis district in the eastern countryside of Qamishlo, indicated that opening the crossing will positively affect their livelihood. He said: “it will contribute to providing goods, and the arrival of aid to the people.”

On the solutions, the economic researcher Jeleng Omar and the economist Alaa eddin Farhan stressed that the solution lies in searching for alternatives to the American promises, and reliance on the support of local associations, and local agricultural and industrial projects, to reduce the burdens on citizens.

He  indicated that the procedures of AA are positive, in terms of opening consumer societies, supporting some of the main food items, and raising employee salaries, but they remain limited. It is necessary to provide more, and greater pressure to open the Tel Koçber crossing in front of humanitarian aid because its continued closure would be a major disaster facing the Syrians in this region.



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