The work of the Forum in North and East Syria, which was sponsored by the Local Administration and Environment Authority in the Al-Jazira region, with the participation of Rojava University and the Euphrates Center for Studies, ended a while ago, after its work continued for two consecutive days, starting yesterday morning.
More than 300 personalities and representatives of civil society and international humanitarian organizations operating in north and east Syria, human rights organizations and platforms concerned with the environment, and the Autonomous Administration of North and East Syria participated in it.
The forum came about the current water situation in north and east Syria and the conditions witnessed by the scarcity of water sources and their submission to the will of the political states that control their sources, and to reach proposals and results that contribute to resolving the living crisis and reducing the occurrence of humanitarian disasters, according to the forum’s program.
The forum was held over two consecutive days through 5 main sessions, focusing on "international agreements and conventions on international rivers and waterways, political dimensions of the water crisis in the region, the economic dimension of the water crisis, environmental impacts of the water crisis, and imminent disasters as a result of the deterioration of water security."
The participants came out with a set of results and recommendations, in addition to forming a committee to follow up on the results and recommendations with all political parties and concerned parties "from international and local organizations, civil society institutions, and the Autonomous Administration.
At the end of the forum's work, the preparatory committee for the forum honored the lecturers and some participating organizations and institutions, in honor of their efforts to make the forum a success, and to push for a solution to the water crisis in north and east Syria.
The International Water Forum concludes with a set of findings and recommendations
1- Denouncing the policies of the Turkish state in diverting water into a political weapon against the civilian population in north and east Syria, the whole of the Syrian state and Iraq.
2- Submit a general and comprehensive report, on behalf of the Forum and all its participants, on all violations of the Turkish state's laws and charters governing international waters to the bodies and organizations of the United Nations, the European Union, and international human rights and human rights organizations.
3- Calling on the international community to pressure the Turkish state to reverse its policy and breach the laws governing common international waters.
4- To file a lawsuit against it for violating public international law, international norms and bilateral and tripartite agreements to which it was previously committed with regard to the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, and its use of water as a weapon of war, in violation of the Geneva Conventions of 1949.
5- Share the results of this forum with the concerned civil society organizations and civil society in Syria, Iraq and Turkey.
6- Calling on the international community to immediately intervene and assume its humanitarian duty in the region, with regard to the effects of water cuts and scarcity and their impact on communities and refugee camps. Regarding refugees and their camps.
7- Documenting all lectures, research and lectures that were discussed in the forum, and formulating them to prepare a water map for optimal investment.
8- Calling on the Autonomous Administration to solve water problems through dialogue and cooperation with the concerned authorities, such as Iraq, Syria, and international organizations and forces, as it is a humanitarian issue.
9- Contribute to projects that support water sources, secure sustainable sources for them, build small and medium dams on small rivers, build water desalination centers, and bring river water to areas that suffer from water deficits.
10- Cooperating with humanitarian and human rights organizations in obtaining material and moral support to confront the repercussions and dangers of the water crisis in the region.
11- Calling the Autonomous Administration of North and East Syria to draw up long-term strategies and policies based on, and benefit from research and studies issued by research centers to avoid the effects of the water crisis in the region, and to confront the negative repercussions and environmental disasters of water scarcity.
12- Develop serious and binding programs for rationalization and raising awareness in the various uses of water jointly by the Autonomous Administration and research centers.
13- Calling the Autonomous Administration to establish study centers specialized in water security.
14-Construction of sewage treatment plants.
15- Using alternative energy methods (air and solar).
16- The possibility of benefiting from the Tigris River and drawing its waters to areas that suffer from a water deficit.
17- Focusing on the need to maintain the cleanliness of running water and its follow-up by the local administration bodies in the Autonomous Administration of North, East and Syria, and to develop programs and policies that rationalize and deter individuals, groups, companies and institutions that do not adhere to hygiene standards in and near river basins, and for groundwater as well.
18- Work to establish a comprehensive and in-depth study of human and economic resources and water resources in the region, and employ them for the requirements of development in its various directions, especially those related to water, its sources and methods of management. And submit a general and comprehensive report from this forum on the possible solutions and proposals put forward by the lecturers to preserve the existing water sources, secure new sources for them, and submit them to the Autonomous Administration of North and East Syria to work on following up and studying them, implementing what is possible from them, and following them up by the Follow-up Committee.
19- Forming a follow-up committee emanating from the forum to follow up on the implementation of recommendations and proposals.
20- Calling the Autonomous Administration to form a diplomatic committee specialized in water affairs.