Female researchers: Authoritarian regimes focus on weakening women
Researchers believe that authoritarian authorities and regimes always focus on weakening women and depriving them of their rights because they constitute the strong spear towards change and democracy, calling on all women to have accurate knowledge of their rights and to confront violence in all its forms.
With the conflicts and wars the world is witnessing, violence against women in all its forms remains one of the most heinous policies the world witnesses, starting with physical and psychological violence, passing through social violence based on unjust laws and legislation, ending with the issue of excluding them from leadership and management positions and preventing them from performing their natural role as an active individual in society.
The global UN campaign to combat violence against women is still ongoing, under the slogan “Unite... Invest to end violence against women and girls,” which began last November 25 (the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women) and ends on December 10 of this month; the day on which International Human Rights Day is celebrated.
“Western societies use women’s bodies as a commodity”
Egyptian researcher Farnaz Attia believes that women's exposure to violence increases with the presence of dictatorial regimes in all countries and in any region.
In an interview with ANHA agency, Farinaz pointed out, “The more the regime becomes dictatorial and fascist, the more it stalks and abuses women. Why? Because it believes that the matter falls doubly on women, and unfortunately, no matter how advanced societies become, we find that women are the least fortunate, no matter how advanced they are, and always.” There is no talk of women, their freedom, or stopping violence against them.”
She continued: “But whenever governance becomes good and balanced, then women live a better life within a healthy, democratic society in the true sense of the word and not in the Western sense, because although the world views Western society as a democratic society and they do justice to women, this fairness is false and this democracy is not real.” “There is discrimination against women in culture, and they use the woman’s body as a commodity in advertising, etc., and all of this constitutes a form of discrimination against women.”
“Women’s freedom is the freedom of society as a whole”
Farinaz pointed out: “The authoritarian authorities and regimes always focus on weakening women and depriving them of their rights, and if we look and see the ideas of the philosopher, Mr. Abdullah Ocalan, for example, as he is a political philosopher and has his own visions, in his talk about women’s freedom, he compared it to the occupation, as the occupation seeks to destroy women’s dignity.” And to exercise power over them by suppressing them, arresting them, and undermining their rights, and thus he can control the country by trying to practice violence against the women in the country, and thus the freedom of women means the freedom of society as a whole.”
Farinaz pointed out that women, since ancient times, have been seeking to obtain their rights and have fought various battles against the authorities, tyrannical regimes, and occupation to obtain their rights in many regions of the Middle East. They have been motivated to do so by education, culture, life situations, and the crises to which their country is exposed, such as the Syrian woman, for example, who suffers doubly. From the fascist rule that exists in the country, in addition to the violations practiced by the Turkish forces, which are trying to put their hands on the areas in NE, Syria and rape these areas, torture and arrest women, and there are cases of rape. Also, women in Gaza are exposed to the worst practices and violations, as women in crews are targeted. Medical doctors, their killing and arrest, not to mention mothers who lost their children and others who lost their families, in addition to displacement and torture, all of this is suffered by women in their countries, and from this standpoint, the struggle against oppression and violence against women has become stronger and stronger than before.”
The struggle continues
Farinaz called on organizations and women's movements to make women more aware of their rights, to play the role assigned to them, and to have legal awareness, by developing educational curricula in partnership with the ministries in the country.
At the end of her speech, Egyptian researcher Farinaz Attia called on all women in the world to continue the struggle to obtain their rights and increase their accurate knowledge of their rights, and not to remain silent and cover up a violation of their rights, for whoever is negligent once is negligent every time.
“Wars based on women’s bodies”
For her part, Director of the Center for Gender Studies and Sudanese researcher, Neamat Koko, said in an interview with ANHA agency that “dictatorial regimes practice violence against women because they fear democracy and mass movement, and fear demanding a civil state to achieve equality, and thus women are vulnerable to increasing violence by the state in all its forms.” In policies where there is discrimination and inequality between societies, where legislation suppresses freedoms, and laws that perpetuate the inferiority and oppression of women.”
Neamat pointed out that the wars and conflicts that break out in the Middle East are based on women’s bodies because they - speaking to Neamat - constitute a very strong spear towards change, and this is what dictatorial and semi-democratic regimes and advocates of democracy and human rights fear, and thus targeting occurs on women in particular and on their bodies because they are considered this body their properties.
Hostility is not for men"
Regarding the movement of women’s organizations and movements, Neamat pointed out that “the women’s movement is witnessing a broad public movement, in a real attempt to confront these threats, and therefore we find women on the front lines for democracy, for revolution, and for change, because their real interest is in change, and in my estimation Women, in light of this movement, especially in the Arab countries and dictatorial countries, gave a lot of their lives. There are female martyrs in Syria, Turkey, Iraq, and Libya. In Sudan and Egypt, there are a large number of women who gave their lives for the sake of change. Therefore, the presence of women is frightening for the patriarchal dictatorial regimes that were based on oppression, exclusion and societal discrimination.”
Neamat believed that what is required today from women’s organizations and movements to stop violence in all its forms is “a sound intellectual vision, where hostility, battle, chanting, and organizing are not against men, but rather against these political, economic, and social systems that are devoted to oppression and are dedicated to the inferiority and oppression of some segments of society, including women. Therefore, we must all work to expose the dictatorial class state that perpetuates all forms of exploitation, whether economic or social exploitation, cultural marginalization, or even sexual exploitation.”
She added: “In addition to that, we must confront all forms of violence that manifest themselves in different ways, such as physical violence represented by harassment, rape, and violence in the workplace, and violence based on perpetuating hate speech and racism, such as Israel’s war against the Arabs, and wars based on ethnicity and race, such as the war against the Kurds. And what the people of Darfur are exposed to in Sudan, all of this calls for women to move to organize their ranks and prepare their comprehensive vision to confront the nature of the state and all its tools of policies, legislation and laws.”
Everyone must work together to end violence against women.”
Director of the Center for Gender Studies and Sudanese researcher, Neamat Koko, called on all women and civil society organizations to unite their efforts and work to end all forms of violence against women. She said: “We need all groups and segments of society and its movements for social, cultural and economic change. All of them must be a part.” From our campaign, and everyone must work together to confront and reduce all forms of violence against women.”