Hawler massacre... when Barzani broke his promise, shed Kurdish blood

Hawler massacre is a turning point in the history of the Kurdish people, as the Kurdistan Democratic Party led by Masoud Barzani, who swore on his father’s grave not to betray or cooperate with the Turkish occupation, committed a massacre against a group of wounded and patriotic Kurdistan Freedom Movement fighters.

Hawler massacre... when Barzani broke his promise, shed Kurdish blood
16 May 2024   03:01

Twenty-seven years have passed since one of the most horrific massacres that befell the Kurdish people during the twentieth century, when dozens of fighters were martyred at the hands of the Kurdistan Democratic Party in Hawler City, coinciding with a violent attack launched by the Turkish occupation state against the Kurdistan Liberation Movement.

On May 14, 1997, more than 200,000 soldiers and village guards of the Turkish occupation participated in what they called “Operation Hammer,” which aimed to end the Kurdistan Freedom Movement in Southern Kurdistan.

During the first two days, dozens of soldiers from the Turkish army were killed by fighters of the Kurdistan Freedom Movement (Guerilla), without the Turkish occupation state achieving any tangible progress on the ground. Because of the resistance made by HPG fighters.

The most heinous crimes

During that period, Masoud Barzani, head of the Kurdistan Democratic Party, made a promise that his forces would not participate alongside the occupation in the attack on the Kurdistan Freedom Movement. However, Barzani broke his promise and preferred serving the Turkish state over the Kurdistan national interest, as his forces committed a massacre against dozens of wounded fighters of the Kurdistan Freedom Movement, who were receiving treatment in a hospital in the city of Hawler in Southern Kurdistan, where more than 80 Kurdish fighters and patriots were assassinated in one of the most heinous crimes committed against the Kurdish people, and the locations of the victims’ bodies are still unknown.


The Kurdistan Democratic Party forces simultaneously attacked the hospital where Kurdistan Freedom Movement (Guerilla) fighters were receiving treatment, as well as the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan Center, the office of the Mesopotamia Cultural Center in Hawler, and the Free Kurdistan Women’s Union Association, and the headquarters of the two newspapers, “Welat û Welatê Roj,” were also attacked. "Bombardment with heavy weapons resulted in the loss of many civilians and artists, in addition to arrests that affected those in those centers.

The Kurdistan Democratic Party forces also participated alongside the Turkish army in the attack against the Kurdistan Freedom Movement (Guerilla) fighters in the mountains of Kurdistan during those battles.

Despite this, and to avoid shedding Kurdish blood, the Kurdistan Liberation Movement did not direct its weapons towards the Democratic Party forces. Rather, the greatest focus was on stopping the occupation and preventing its expansion to occupy Southern Kurdistan.

“Barzani swore and broke his promise.”

Member of the Executive Body of the Democratic Union Party, Ahmed Khoja, spoke to ANHA's agency about the Hawler massacre, and said: “I believe that intensive meetings at the highest levels were held between the Kurdistan Liberation Movement and the Kurdistan Democratic Party during the 1990s. The Kurdistan Democratic Party gave many promises to avoid a war of brotherhood and Kurdish bloodshed. Masoud Barzani even swore at the shrine of his father, Mullah Mustafa Barzani, that he would not enter this war, but those promises were nothing but a lie. The year 1992 witnessed the direct entry of the Kurdistan Democratic Forces into the war against the Guerrilla in the mountains of Kurdistan, alongside the Turkish occupation. In 1995, the Kurdistan Democratic Party practiced heinous and brutal practices against the Guerilla.

On May 19, 1992, and following the elections for the first parliament in southern Kurdistan, he took his first decision on June 28 of the same year, which included waging war against the Kurdistan Freedom Movement fighters, and he implemented it in October.

In partnership with Turkey, the Kurdistan Democratic Forces waged a war against the fighters of the Kurdistan Freedom Movement (Guerilla) in the mountains of Kurdistan, it reached its peak in the years 1992, 1995, and 1997 until 1999, and this partnership still exists until now.

 “It is the line of betrayal that is renewed.”

Ahmed Khoja explained: “On May 16, 1997, the brutality of the Kurdistan Democratic Party reached its highest levels, as they attacked a hospital in which approximately 80 male and female fighters and patriots within the ranks of the Kurdistan Freedom Movement were being treated, and they liquidated everyone there, in addition to attacking cultural centers and a number of Kurdish institutions.” The other is in Southern Kurdistan. It is a horrific massacre and a black day in the history of our Kurdish people.”

Khoja confirmed: “These practices continue to this day. Two years ago, the authorities in Southern Kurdistan seized large quantities of protective masks from chemical weapons that were on their way to the Guerrilla in the mountains of Kurdistan, during the intensification of battles and the Turkish occupation’s use of internationally banned weapons. Dozens of our people were martyred as a result. Is there more hostility and participation to the occupation than that? It is a line of treason that constantly renews itself, and does not serve the Kurdish interest in any way, but rather creates more disturbances.”

The practices of the Kurdistan Democratic Party against the Kurdish and Kurdish issue are renewed, as it continues its close cooperation with the Turkish occupation state, which has not stopped its attacks against the mountains of Kurdistan under different names since April 24, 2021 in the areas of Avashin, Zap and Matina until now.

Recently, according to the information received, the Kurdistan Democratic Forces are using Syrian Kurdish mercenaries under the name “Peshmerga of Rojava”, who fled Rojava and turned into mercenaries fighting in exchange for sums of money, in their war alongside the Turkish occupation state against the fighters of the Kurdistan Freedom Movement (Guerilla) in the mountains of Kurdistan.

T/ Satt.