Ottoman crimes are the prevailing values of AKP to achieve influence, dominance

The Ottoman Empire is considered one of the countries that committed the most massacres against the people of the region, including Arabs, Kurds, Syriacs, and Armenians. Despite the passage of many years, these massacres are still continuing at the hands of the neo-Ottomans represented by the Justice and Development Party and its allies in Turkey.

Ottoman crimes are the prevailing values of AKP to achieve influence, dominance
6 May 2024   03:01
NEWS DESK
YAHYA AL_HABIB

The Levant fell under Ottoman occupation from 1516 until the end of World War I in 1918. With the arrival of Turkish nationalists, led by the Union and Progress Party, to power in 1908, they worked to impose nationalism and the Turkish language on all other nationalities living under Ottoman occupation, committing the most heinous massacres against all who oppose them.

After 1914, after the Minister of the Navy, Jamal Pasha, was appointed Commander-in-Chief of the Turkish forces in the Levant, he tightened his grip on the Levant and imposed taxes, forced conscription, and the Turkish language. The matter became worse after the Ottoman Empire refrained from implementing the decisions issued by the Paris Conference in 1913, which required the participation of the Arabs. in governance, and their enjoyment of self-rule within the Ottoman Empire at that time, and its continuation of its chauvinist policies based on imposing control and plundering wealth, in addition to policies of Turkification of the linguistic and cultural heritage in the countries that it occupied, especially in the Levant (Syria and Lebanon) and Iraq, which led to Igniting the roots of the revolution, especially among the categories of intellectuals, politicians, and sheikhs who demanded the departure of the Ottoman occupier

In order to intimidate them, violations and crimes against the people increased. The revolution broke out, led by intellectuals and politicians opposed to Ottoman rule. They organized campaigns demanding joining the Great Arab Revolt that started from the Hijaz to overthrow Ottoman rule.

As a result, Jamal Pasha issued death sentences against a number of intellectuals and patriots from Damascus and Beirut in a mock court in Mount Lebanon. The Ottoman authorities implemented these sentences in two batches, the first on August 21, 1915, and the second on May 6, 1916, during which a larger number were executed, in each. From Burj Square in Beirut, which was later called Martyrs' Square, and in Marjeh Square in Damascus.

Then Jamal Pasha who was killed in the city of Tbilisi in 1922 AD by an Armenian named Estephan Zagkian, in retaliation for the massacres committed by the Ottomans against the Armenians in 1915, as part of a broad movement known as Operation Nemesis, meaning “punishment,” which affected all those responsible for that genocide, which claimed the lives of more than a million and half a million Armenians.

In a manner similar to the Ottoman Empire’s execution of intellectuals and opponents, the Turkish occupation state is continuously targeting civilians, in addition to targeting representatives of the people of the region and military, political, and civilian leaders who contributed to achieving stability in North and East Syria, with the aim of intimidating the people of the region and pushing them to surrender.

Crimes in the footsteps of our ancestors

The Syrian writer and political analyst, Muhammad Issa, spoke to ANHA's agency about this, saying: “The alliance of the ruling Justice and Development Party and the National Movement in Turkey is following in the footsteps of their ancestors in the defunct Ottoman Sultanate. This sultanate entered history through the massacres it committed against peoples and races, which this Sultanate fell under its control for four centuries, and its record ended, before the verdict of history reached its grave, by committing its heinous crime against the Arab and human feeling and conscience, the crime represented by the murderous criminal Jamal Pasha executing the death sentence by hanging in Damascus and Beirut against dozens of the vanguard of defenseless civil intellectuals. Simply because they demanded in their cultural activity to highlight their cultural and national identity in the face of the backward and unjust policy of Turkification, which the Ottoman mentality, which was sick with a criminal mentality, could not tolerate.”

Muhammad Issa added: “This tendency has always marked the record of the Turkish occupation and today, as the ruling chauvinist Brotherhood alliance tries to trace the footsteps of the ancestors by invoking the empire of the past, and for truth and objectivity, it is not lying on this point, because the vessel oozes out what is in it. The renewed crime is against the citizens under its authority.” It is something he learned from his heritage, which did not contain any reliable innovations other than the innovation of the impalement (a tool for torture used by Ottoman).”

Issa pointed out: “There is no doubt that the programs of the Justice and Development Party and the Turkish political discourse have always sought to derive their status and popular legitimacy among voters through their identification with Ottoman history, and through their invocation of it in an attempt to revive it, and in a sense to revive its barbarism and evoke the spirit of crime, oppression, and backwardness, and because thing for thing is mentioned, what is the thing that counts in this history other than provoking strife and ignorance among components, races, and sects, and is the use of criminal political Islam organizations such Jabhet al-Nusra, ISIS/Daesh, Sultan Murad, and others, in undermining the Syrian state and the Syrian social fabric, other than the behavior itself? Which was followed by Sultan Abdul Hamid and the rest of the sultans. Erdogan is the same thing does.

Extending influence and control through crimes

Despite the bloody history of the Ottoman occupation and Turkey’s current crimes, which were not limited to the Syrians only, but also included Libya, Iraq, and Armenia, where Turkey and its mercenaries committed war crimes against the peoples of these countries through its direct intervention in the war and the use of Syrian mercenaries to evade responsibility for the crimes it commits in the name of these countries. Mercenary groups, but some regimes and authorities are moving to reconcile with them.

In Syria, despite the years-long hostility between the Turkish occupation and the Damascus government and the policies Turkey practiced through which it sought to overthrow the regime in Syria and turned the country into a safe place for mercenaries and foreign extremists, Damascus is under Russian pressure on the one hand and to preserve its own interests from Another party is conducting negotiations with Turkey to normalize relations between them.

Intellectuals and political elites should put the Turkish threat at the forefront of dangers

Issa stressed that: “There is no difference in strategy and goals, between the Sultanate’s behavior in all its stages and the current Turkish Erdogan goals. In both cases, the project of extending influence, occupation, and domination over the people of the region, in the name of religion and by marketing the illusions of the Islamic caliphate, liberating the holy sites, and other lies, was the path and means to achieve invasion, occupation, expansion, and practice the policy of Turkification and forced assimilation of the culture of others is the goal.”

Issa noted that: “The mentality controlling Turkish politics during the past two decades confirms one fact, that it is a mentality of occupation, expansion, and betrayal. This policy is clear in all the stations in which the Turkish role appeared, from Syria and Libya to Sudan and Somalia, and whoever thinks this policy is good is deluded or foolish."

Writer and political analyst Muhammad Issa stressed that: “The Turkish Brotherhood and criminal expansionist policy must be clear to all Syrian and Arab intellectuals, and throughout the region and the world, and no one should make peace with it. Intellectuals and political elites should place the Turkish threat at the forefront of dangers and challenges and far ahead of the Israeli threat.”

T/ Satt.

ANHA