Why does international community not hold Turkish state accountable for crime of using chemical weapons against Kurds?

 A human rights advocate in northern and eastern Syria called for documenting all the crimes of the Turkish occupation, and filing a complaint against Turkey for its use of chemical weapons against the Kurds, but he returned and said, "The issues of human rights and democracy, when combined with political interests, have no meaning."

 After the Turkish occupation army's means to fight the Kurdish peoples and end their existence, and the elimination of the Popular Defense Forces in the legitimate defense areas of Başûr (southern Kurdistan), have run out and resorted to the use of internationally prohibited chemical weapons.

 The Turkish occupation launched 367 attacks with chemical weapons during the past year against the Popular Defense Forces, according to a statement by the leadership of the Popular Defense Center (NPG) on December 30, 2021.

 The human rights defender in northern and eastern Syria, Haitham Bakr, clarified that chemical weapons are internationally prohibited and may not be used in war, and said: “The law holds their users accountable,” in accordance with the 1993 Convention for the Prohibition and Destruction of Chemical Weapons, which was put into effect in 1997 by the administration of the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons with the aim of  maintaining global peace and security.

 Bakr indicated that the agreement prohibits the use or development of chemical weapons, in addition to the destruction of all weapons, factories, and structures that manufacture chemical weapons.

 He said, "The Turkish state's use of chemical weapons against the peoples in Başûr (southern Kurdistan), is classified as war crimes and genocide, because it violates the sovereignty of the Iraqi state, and because chemical weapons are weapons of mass destruction for all the geography used within it and the living creatures and nature on it."

 Bakr noted that if the reports of the observers within the Executive Committee of the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons prove that any country has used these weapons, will be alerted to this, and in the event of failure to respond, the reports will be submitted to the Secretary-General of the United Nations and the Security Council and the necessary measures are taken, including the use of force  military according to Chapter VII.

 Article VII of the Charter of the UN Security Council provides for the use of military force to deter a country that has used chemical weapons to maintain international peace and security.

 Bakr pointed out that, according to the laws of the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons, it has the right to intervene if reports are submitted to it or as soon as it hears about the use of an internationally prohibited weapon in any region, without reviewing the state using those weapons, and obligating it even to provide facilities for inspection and investigation.

 The Kurdistan Community Unions, the leadership of the HPG, and many civil society organizations had sent letters to the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons, but the latter did not take any steps on the ground.

 Many politicians and observers assert that the question of holding chemical weapons users accountable is subject to the calculations of the major powers that dominate international institutions.

 When reports were received about allegations that Damascus government forces used chemical weapons against the people of Eastern Ghouta in 2013, the major powers moved, but when it came to the occupying Turkish state's use of chemical weapons against the Kurds, the international powers did not.

 In 1988, Iraqi President Saddam Hussein used chemical weapons against the Kurds in the city of Halabja, leaving more than 5,000 deaths including children and women, but the international community did not act until 2006 and the crime was used to settle its scores with Saddam Hussein.

 Jurist Haitham Bakr explained that the Kurdish community, including the Kurds, can benefit from the provisions of the International Court of Justice, through the Court's Attorney General, and said: "If he receives documented reports proving the use of chemical weapons, he can initiate the complaint on his own, and if he reaches a conclusion after studying the documents.  With the court, the court can make a decision to hold Turkey accountable for the use of internationally prohibited weapons in Başûr (South Kurdistan).

 He called for documenting all crimes committed by the Turkish occupation state, and submitting them in reports through political parties and intellectuals to the Attorney General of the International Court of Justice, or through independent organizations working for the rights of oppressed peoples.

 On the reason for the organizations’ failure to fulfill the duties that fall upon them, human rights defender Haitham Bakr indicated that when issues of human rights and democracy are associated with political interests, they have no meaning and are used in the media only, and most organizations are linked to the interests of states and are not independent in their decisions.



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