The Yezidis are spread throughout the geography of Kurdistan, and they are credited with preserving Kurdish history and culture, so they were the first target of the enemies of the Kurdish people to erase their existence.
They were subjected to 74 massacres, and thousands of them were killed, the most severe by the Ottomans, the most recent by ISIS mercenaries in August 2014 in the Şengal district.
In Afrin, the Yezidis used to live with other components, before Turkey and its mercenaries launched their attack against it with the aim of occupying it. According to statistics, the Yezidis Kurds were in 22 villages (Aska - Shadira - Ghazawiya - Burj Abdullah - Ain Dara - Tirinda - Qibar - Kemar - Basofan - Baaya - Qatimeh - Senka - Pafilion - Qastal Jindo - Ali Qina - Faqira - Qujooma - Qila - Ashkan Sharqi - Jaqleh - Kafr Zeit - Jendiresse District Center) and reached about 25 thousand people.
In addition to the presence of 19 holy shrines of the Yezidi community (Bursa Khatun, Sheikh Hamid, Sheikh Gharib, Jill Khanna, Adi Malak, Sheikh Jundi, Hawker, Sheikh Barakat, Sheikh Ali, Sheikh Sheikh, Sharaf Din, Bella Mannan, Bir Jafir, Burj Jundi, Ziyara Hajri, Sheikh Abdul Qadir, Sheikh Karass, Ziyara Abu Kaaba, Sheikh Kassab).
Yezidis under the Baathist regime
Under the Ba'ath rule, Yezidis have suffered, for decades, from policies of marginalization, denial and exclusion, in addition to their exposure to economic, social, cultural and even security strangulation.
They were subjected to arbitrary arrests and martial law, accusations against them, who were silenced by terrorism and the cutting of Syrian lands, and posing a threat to the security of the Syrian national.
In addition to being subjected to the policy of extermination and denial, preventing them to speak the Kurdish language, practicing their religious rituals and celebrating their festivals such as the Charshmba Sor, the Baathist government practices prohibit the circulation of Kurdish songs and take measures against those who violate the decision.
The Syrian government forced the Yezidis to register in the civil records on the basis of the Islamic religion, and to adopt Islamic identities, while those who refused these measures were prevented from all citizenship rights, and on this basis the Yezidis were unable to lead their normal lives.
Autonomous Administration secured their rights
The first thing that the Democratic Autonomous Administration of Afrin boycotted was the recognition of the Yezidi religion as a stand-alone religion, according to the social contract of the DAA, Article 33, which granted the converts of the religion the right to enact their own laws, and the Yezidis held many positions within the administration.
On this basis, the Yezidi opened an Yezidi cultural and social association, as well as schools within their villages.
The AANES stipulated that Yezidi occasions as official holidays, and allowed the Carshemba Sor festivals that were forbidden during the Baath regime.
A series of crimes after the occupation of Afrin
After the occupation of Afrin by the Turkish occupation army and its mercenaries on March 18, 2018, the condition of the Yezidis returned as the era of the Baath Party, and even worse than that.
Many religious sites were destroyed under the occupation, as well as Yezidis being killed and kidnapped, and the fate of some of them remains unknown.
Mercenaries try by all means to compel the Yezidi religion in Afrin to convert to Islam, and when they find rejection by the Yezidis, they pressure them to acquiesce.
Omar Shomo, a 66-year-old from the village of Qibar in the city of Afrin, refused to pronounce the two “Islamic testimonies” by killing the mercenaries by shooting him.
Since the occupation of Afrin, 12 Yazidis have been killed for racist reasons, in addition to the kidnapping of about 50 Yazidis.
In terms of shrines, a shrine was destroyed (Sheikh Gharib, Mazarat Qarat Jarnah, Malik Addi, Barsa Khatoun, Sheikh Hamid, Sheikh Junaid, Abd al-Rahman, Hanan) and the headquarters of the Yezidis Cultural and Social Union were destroyed, and the statue of the Prophet Zeradasht and the Dome of Lalish in the Yazidi Union Center was destroyed Afrin.
Capture the largest Yezidi shrine
The mercenaries also seized the largest Yazidi shrine in Syria at the top of Sheikh Barakat, which supervises the town of Dara Azza, and Turkey made it a control center after they removed the Yazidi monuments from it and put an Islamic color on it.
Currently, only about 3,000 Yazidis live in Afrin where they are exposed to all kinds of pressure from mercenaries, according to private sources from inside Afrin.
What Yezidis are exposed to in Afrin is a continuation of what ISIS started in Şengal
"What the Yazidis are experiencing in Afrin is a continuation of what brutal practices against ISIS mercenaries started against them, in light of an international silence ," said Suad Hasso, the Co-chair of the Yazidin Union of Afrin.
And when ISIS mercenaries launched an attack on Şengal, it kidnapped and killed our women and children, in an attempt to exterminate the Kurdish people by targeting the Yezidi people, but they failed to do so.
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