What is reality of educational process in North Syria, new year's curricula?

The Democratic Society in North Syria’s Training Committee guarantees the rights of all components to learn their mother tongue. In this year there will be little change to previous years in terms of education and curriculum, except the addition of the new curriculum to the secondary school beside the elementary and preparatory stage and adding "Jinology" women science to the curriculum.


In the past years, the Training Committee in Democratic Society has sought to guarantee the rights of all components of education in their mother tongue by preparing new curricula in Kurdish, Arabic and Syriac languages, preparing qualified teachers, rehabilitating schools and ensuring optimal conditions for students to receive free and democratic education.

In this dossier, which is prepared by Hawar news agency on the overall educational sector for the academic year 2018-2019, we will discuss the mechanism of the Training Committee in terms of numbers. It includes the number of qualified teachers in schools, the number of qualified schools, the new secondary curriculum, the nature of educational sector in the liberated areas, and what is Jinology which will be included this year?


The educational process in Afrin canton was damaged during the academic year 2017-2018 by the Turkish occupation of Afrin, where the authorities were forced to close schools in order to save the lives of the students. Subsequently, thousands of people from the canton were enforced to leave their homes to al-Shahba canton, adjacent to Afrin canton.

However, the Training Committee in the Democratic Society has endeavored with all its efforts to rehabilitate the academic year, and made great efforts to revive the educational process and to all stages in the camps of Serdem and Berxwedan.

The committee also worked with the help of a number of teachers and administrators to open schools in the remaining villages in ​​Şêrawa district despite the meager possibilities and was able to include all students and reactivating the educational process in accordance with the curricula prepared by the Education Body. The Committee is also preparing for the 2018-2019 academic year.

According to officials in the Democratic Society in North Syria’s Training Committee, the number of students who will be absorbed in schools this year is 5205 students for the primary stage, 775 students for the preparatory stage, while the secondary students numbered 449 students, and the number of teachers who teach them is 120 male teachers and 823 female teachers .


The Training Committee for Democratic Society in al-Shahba canton inaugurated training sessions for teachers in 32 centers in the districts and villages of al-Shahba canton.

Prior to the start of the new school year, teachers receive specialized courses in mathematics, science, and Kurdish language as well as intellectual classes. Each course lasts for 15 days.

According to officials, there are some difficulties facing the education sector, which may prevent the opening of new schools, because of the political and military situation and the unstable security situation in that region.


As for preparations to receive the school year in the city of Manbij and rural areas, the Education Committee has equipped 317 schools and rehabilitates 4000 teachers.

The number of students in the city of Manbij is estimated at more than 101,000 students, for all grades from primary to secondary school.

While the Education Committee was unable to rehabilitate 7 schools in the city of Manbij and its suburbs to receive students in the current academic year due to the exposure to great destruction.

Euphrates Region

In preparation for the start of the new school year 2018-2019, the committee worked during the summer vacation on the rehabilitation of schools in need of restoration or deficiencies, bringing the number of schools in Kobanî canton, which is ready to receive students 400 schools, and in Girê Spî canton 350 schools by members of the Education Committee, and the restoration process is continuing to introduce more schools in service.

The Training Committee expects to increase the number of students this year and may reach more than 100 thousand students, compared with 80 thousand last year, where the number of students in Kobanî canton reached to 57,522 students in the Girê Spî canton reached to 50,711 students.

The Education Committee in Girê Spî canton has completed training courses for 2,073 teachers who received training courses on curricula, teaching methods and how to deal with students on 15 August, while Kobanî canton's committee completed the training courses for 2,616 teachers.

The number of summer courses in Kobanî canton reached to12 sessions focused on strengthening teachers to achieve better performance during the academic year and avoid the shortcomings of previous years, while the number of summer courses in Girê Spî canton is 4 courses for the Arab and Kurdish components in Suluk and Ain Issa districts.


Al-Jazeera region with its two cantons, Qamişhlo and al-Hasakah contain the largest number of schools and students compared to the rest of the northern areas of Syria, due to the expansion of the region and increasing population density.

The number of the students in Qamişhlo canton with the districts reached to 37,934 students in Derik area, with a total of 8351 students in the primary and 2,692 preparatory levels. In al-Hasaka canton with its areas and districts, the number of students is 104 thousand and 72 students.

According to the officials of the Education Body and the Training Committee in the Democratic Society, the new curricula have been adopted this year for the first grade, i.e., the 10th grade. In order to avoid the deficiencies of previous years and to qualify teachers to teach new curricula, the summer courses included specialized courses in curricula and teaching methods. The final tests were conducted at the end of last August, according to the results of the tests.

The number of schools ready to receive students in al- Jazeera is 2,225, of which 1,625 are primary schools, 405 preparatory schools, 680 secondary schools and 82 ranging from primary to preparatory schools, also the schools have received about 153,049 students

Recently liberated areas

The committees of education in the liberated areas continue to work in preparation for the new academic year. The committees worked hard to make the academic year a success. Schools in al-Raqqa, al-Tabqa and Deir ez-Zor opened their doors to accommodate students who reached about 285,000 students.

The preparations of the pedagogy and education committees in the liberated areas

The Education Committees in al-Raqqa, al-Tabqa and Deir ez-Zor organized a training course for teachers. All the teachers joined them, during which they received intellectual lessons and specialized courses by those who were licensed in educational materials.

The teachers in the liberated areas are holders of baccalaureate and higher, including the trainees and university graduates in specialized materials, according to the heads of the committees, the course was very fruitful, the first of its kind in Syria.


The number of teachers in al-Raqqa and its rural areas reached 4,100 teachers. The number of students in al-Raqqa is 120,000. 281 schools were prepared for the new academic year, 32 of which are for preparatory and secondary education in al-Raqqa and its suburbs.

The Education Committee in al-Raqqa established 12 centers to receive teachers in the summer vacation to start a training course for teachers, the first of its kind in Syria. The rehabilitation course was very fruitful. There was great interaction and greater benefit from the teachers.


For the city of al-Tabqa, the number of teachers is 2,000 teachers distributed in 200 schools in al-Tabqa and its rural, and the number of students is 57,493 thousand students.

The Education Committee in al-Tabqa secured two seats, with the first batch 720 seats and the second batch 865 seats, and distributed to the schools of the city and its countryside.

Deir ez -Zor

As for Deir ez-Zor, there were 5,300 teachers, where schools will open in the countryside of Deir ez-Zor to receive students according to the Education Committee in Deir ez-Zor whose number was 108,000 students, also the registration door is still open to the areas which have been liberated such as Baguoz, al-Bahra and other liberated areas that affiliated to the Deir ez-Zor's Civil Council.

It is noteworthy that the Education Committee of the Syrian Democratic Council met with the Education Committee in al-Tabqa, al-Raqqa and Manbij cities, an internal system was determined which defines the school work system, the start and end times of the school, the characteristics, duties and rights of the teacher, the school year and general provisions for schools and teachers.

Secondary School Curriculum

Schools opened on 9 September, and the new curriculum was introduced for the secondary grade 1st.

With the opening of secondary schools in the academic year 2018-2019, the courses of the secondary grade classes in its two branches, the Literary and Scientific have been given. The literary branch includes: history, language (languages ​​of components and English language), geography, society, philosophy, music, painting, sport.

The curriculum of the scientific branch includes materials: language, mathematics, physics and chemistry from the old curriculum, science, music, painting, sport. There is, however, a cross-sectional and interesting material, the Jinology.

"Jinology" women science

The Training Committee in Democratic Society decided to include the subject of women's science in the secondary school curriculum for the current school year, becoming a set  subject.

The curriculum for the first grade is composed of four sections: gender, the nature of women, the identity of women in society, and the liberalization of sexual discrimination in society.

Syriac language

The Training Committee in the Democratic Society, in cooperation with specialized teachers of the Syriac component, has prepared a complete curriculum for the Syriac schools from grades 1 through 9, namely the elementary and preparatory levels. The committee seeks to provide the appropriate conditions for the promotion of Syriac education, which has also been denied and banned under the Baath regime.

The schools opened their doors to students on 9 September, and the new school year began according to the curriculum we mentioned.



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