Due to the diverse nature of the regions of Rojava and northern Syria, most of the rivers in the region originate from Turkey, and until recently the region was rich in groundwater and springs that formed some small rivers.
Due to the region's richness of water, people have relied on agriculture for hundreds of years as a basic lifestyle. However, the situation has changed for more than a decade due to the racist policies pursued by the Turkish state against the region and its peoples.
It is known that there are international laws relating to the regulation and division of water in which more than one state participates. However, the Turkish state has not complied with these covenants and used the water issue in its racist policies. It has built many dams along the Tigris and Euphrates rivers and reserved water in large lakes and not abiding by Syrian proportion according to the laws, it resulted in decline in water level in the two rivers as well as in the branches of these two rivers.
The negative effects of the drought are clearly evident in the area of Serê Kaniyê in al-Hasaka canton, on the one hand, agricultural and livestock sector declined. The people have benefited over the years of the water of Khabour River as well as the springs, but the dams built by the Turkish state led to the dryness of this river, as well as the decline of groundwater as a result of the Turkish state drilling thousands of underground wells in the areas adjacent to the border with Rojava, which led to a decline in the percentage of groundwater and thus the agricultural wells belonging to the farmers in Serê Kaniyê dried, on the second hand.
What damage does Turkish state cause by cutting water from the area?
A member of the management committee at the Agriculture and Livestock Organization in the city of Serê Kaniyê Abdul Salam Hassan, stressed that the dryness of rivers and springs, and the decline in groundwater level has remarkable effect on the basic lifestyle in the region, agriculture, where agriculture has declined clearly.
According to Abdel Salam, the decline in agriculture, as well as the livestock sector negatively affected the lifestyle of the people of the region and the deterioration of the economic situation, forcing the people to move to other cities and regions in search of new jobs to secure their livelihood.