During the past week, Arab newspapers dealt with a number of important issues, including the formation of the Syrian Constitutional Committee and the exclusion of northern and eastern Syria, Turkey's bid to integrate the mercenary factions, along with the Iraqi demonstrations, and other topics.
Asharq al-Awsat: Integration of Northern Syrian factions in preparation for solution of «al-Nusra »
As for the Syrian issue, Asharq Al-Awsat reported on Ankara's efforts to integrate Jabhat al-Nusra, which is classified on the international terrorism list, with the other mercenary groups. "Ankara sponsored the integration of" moderate factions "operating in northern Syria under the umbrella of the National Army, in the largest operation believed to be prelude to dissolving the HTS, which is the Jabhat al-Nusra, its main component in and around Idlib province.
The head of the Syrian interim government of the opposition Abdul Rahman Mustafa, yesterday, announced merging «Jabha Wataniya Litahrir » and «Jaish Watani Suri » into one army of the Ministry of Defense in the «interim government». For its part, the opposition network «Sham» said: «It is assumed that after the merger, a soft solution to HTS according to understandings that the authority of the Syrian interim government to return to the areas of Idlib countryside».
Al-Bayan: «Safe Zone»... Israel failed and Turkey will not succeed
For its part, al-Bayan newspaper addressed the course of the implementation of the security mechanism, in this context, the newspaper said "no day goes by without a Turkish official to talk about Ankara's plan to establish a" safe area "in northern Syria, a talk of the age of the Syrian war since 2011.
"Until last year, the talk about the Turkish plan for a" safe zone "in northern Syria was intersecting with a similar Israeli plan in southern Syria, but the Syrian army was able to recapture the areas of Daraa, Quneitra and Sweida that were nominated according to the Israeli plan to establish the safe area.
Since then, there has been talk of a “safe area” in southern Syria, but Turkey is still talking, once about coordination with the US, and again about the failure of coordination and the threat of a “military operation”. According to the realities and experts, Turkey's attempts will not be better than the Israeli attempts.
Turkey says it can resettle some 2 million Syrian refugees, but observers say that behind the plan is historical ambitions that go beyond stated objectives.
Al-Arab: United Nations adheres to the Constitutional Committee to resolve the Syrian crisis
Regarding the Syrian constitution, Al-Arab newspaper said that the UN envoy to Syria, Geir Pederson, clung on Wednesday at a press conference held at the United Nations Headquarters, to confirm the Constitutional Committee announced by the Secretary-General of the United Nations, Antonio Guterres, which includes representatives from all strata of Syrian society.
Pedersen noted that the Constitutional Committee will hold its first meeting on October 30, specifically in Geneva, saying that the meeting of the 150 members of the Constitutional Committee, consisting of 50 members of the government, 50 from the opposition and 50 civil society, is a unique opportunity for Syrians, consensus and action to a new constitution.”
Hundreds of people demonstrated in the predominantly Kurdish city of Qamishli in north-eastern Syria, denouncing the “exclusion” of the Kurdish Autonomy from membership of the recently formed UN Constitutional Committee as part of its efforts to reach a political settlement to the conflict.
The opposition and civil society lists include the names of Kurdish figures, but they do not represent the Autonomous Administration that manages areas in northern and eastern Syria, which are controlled by Kurdish and Arab factions, and are estimated at about 30 percent of Syria.
Ashraq al-Awsat: Death toll in Iraq protests rise... and Sistani warns government
"Despite the curfew, dozens of demonstrators gathered in central Baghdad on Saturday, the fourth day of a protest movement in the capital and southern provinces," Asharq al-Awsat newspaper reported.
According to Agence France-Presse, security forces shot at protesters who raise several demands, including the departure of "corrupt" officials and jobs for young people. Authorities yesterday accused "unidentified snipers" of killing four people in Baghdad. The security media cell reported «the martyrdom of two members of the security forces and two citizens» in central Baghdad «by unidentified sniper fire».
Today, the Iraqi parliament is convening a session where representatives of protesters were invited to discuss their demands. The call for the hearing came after Shiite cleric Ali al-Sistani, through his representative Ahmed al-Safi, announced his support for the demands of the protesters. Al-Safi stressed in his Friday sermon in Karbala that «the government must change its approach in dealing with the problems of the country», and «remedy things before it is too late». Shiite leader Moqtada al-Sadr also called for the resignation of Adel Abdul Mahdi's government.
Abdul Mahdi, in turn, urged parliament to support ministerial changes and called for calm. He said in a televised speech: «We demand the House of Representatives and political forces full commitment to give the Prime Minister the power to complete his cabinet, and reshuffle, away from political quotas».