Syrians are hostage to conflicts between interveners, Security Council resolutions’ duality

The duality in Security Council resolutions has become crystal clear when it comes to the regions of northern and eastern Syria, and the states that have the right to veto fully link the humanitarian file with their conflicts and agendas in Syria, threatening the lives of millions of people who have been suffering for nine years due to these external interventions that eliminated everything.

Today, the UN Security Council agreed to humanitarian aid entry into Syria through one crossing with Turkey, for one year, after Russia, which seeks to exploit changing facts on the ground in Syria, including direct military presence, pressured that America and its allies give additional concessions, especially after the United States of America imposed Caesar Law on the regime.

The extension of Resolution 2165 that allowed humanitarian aid to enter Syria was through four border points: one with Iraq and Jordan, and two with Turkey until the end of 2019, when Russia and China abstained from voting on a draft Arab-European resolution submitted to the Security Council, but the Western parties conceded last December, when Russia used its veto on the Syrian file, against the draft resolution to continue to work with four points, demanding that only two gates with Turkey suffice.

Russia has pressed Western countries and UN institutions to deal with Damascus, and indeed, the draft resolution was reformulated after the approval of two gates by Western countries, and it also agreed to reduce the duration of the UN mandate from one to six months, and the Security Council adopted the new international resolution on January 10 In the past, to deliver aid to the northwestern regions of Syria under the control of the Turkish occupation and the mercenaries of the headquarters for Hayat Tahrir al-Sham (formerly Jabhet Al-Nusra classified on the list of international terrorism), while the northern and eastern regions of Syria were excluded from international aid to serve the Turkish and Russian agendas in Syria.

With the outbreak of the Coruna virus, Washington started talking about the necessity of opening the Tel Koçer / Yarobiyah portal between Iraq and the regions of north and east Syria, and the WHO supported in April this approach, and demanded that the crossing be opened urgently, but the WHO quickly deleted the request from its draft memo, as it got subjected to pressure most likely Russian and Turkish one.

Russian plan..

Moscow wants to use its veto against efforts to provide aid, to link what the Syrians are suffering with Caesar Law and to deliver a message that this law is what is causing hunger for citizens, as well as linking the need to enter international aid through the Damascus government, which acts selectively in distributing aid to Its loyalists and depriving the rest of the Syrians of it.

Moscow also aims to completely besiege the northern and eastern regions of Syria and control the crossings there in an attempt to end the Autonomous Administration, thinking that in this way it can control the residents of the region and extend the regime's control over them.

In this context, Badran Çiya Kurd, Deputy of the Joint Presidency of the Executive Council of Autonomous Administration in North and East Syria, commented on the Russian plans and said: "The Russian and Chinese refusal comes in the context of Damascus controlling the humanitarian file to break the economic isolation under the Caesar sanctions, and also to acquiesce the non-governmental areas as the Autonomous Administration areas and other areas to the Syrian regime as much as possible, considering that voting on the decision to open a single crossing in the areas controlled by the Turks and the exclusion of the areas of Autonomous Administration is "a very politicized matter and an intensification of the economic blockade of the areas of the Autonomous Administration and imposing the corrupt policies of Damascus, especially in the humanitarian file."

A politicized decision threatening 5 million people

The approval of the United Nations Security Council to enter humanitarian aid through a single Turkish crossing to specific areas of Syria subject to the Turkish occupation and the control of mercenaries: Hayat Tahrir al-Sham threatens the lives of 5 million indigenous people and displaced people from multiple Syrian regions to the north and east of the country that is under ISIS attacks from on the one hand, and the Turkish threats on the other hand.

In this context, Çiya Kurd says: "The confirmation of the draft resolution on the crossings that are under the control of the Turkish occupation and providing support to more than two million people in itself is unfair because it did not include the crossings with the Iraqi borders, especially Tel Koçer / Al-Yarobiya."

Çiya Kurd noted that the decision is an attempt to enable Turkey and its groups to control the humanitarian file and the aid that it decided to provide Europe at the last Brussels meeting of the European Union, and excluding other regions even without mentioning them.

He continued, "Duality of standards cannot be compatible with international standards, because Resolution 2165 when it was voted on in 2014 was to open additional crossings, when it was proven by clear evidence that humanitarian aid did not reach all those in need through Damascus, knowing that it was confirmed while voting, the preservation of Syrian sovereignty and territorial integrity is consistent with the spirit of international humanitarian law, which bears the ultimate responsibility of the state in delivering aid to all its citizens. "

The Deputy of Joint Presidency of the Executive Council of Northern and Eastern Syria demanded that the humanitarian file be completely removed from the circle of political conflicts, and that all concerned with the Syrian file be provided with full facilities in introducing humanitarian aid to the entire Syrian territory, and without making it a blackmail paper in the hands of anyone, especially the systematic exclusion of Autonomous Administration areas from the humanitarian support program.

He stressed that the exclusion of the administration for northern and eastern Syria from the humanitarian support program opens the doors to a humanitarian catastrophe in light of the outbreak of the Corona epidemic, weak capabilities as well as economic blockade and American and European sanctions imposed on Syria, indicating that this exclusion and sanctions will exacerbate the crisis in the northern regions and eastern Syria more and more, amidst a large wave of displaced and refugees from neighboring countries that flow to this region.

In his speech, Çiya Kurd mentioned that there are 15 camps for the displaced and refugees, which include hundreds of thousands and these depend on aid, in addition to Turkey's aggressive practices towards the region and cut off water to more than half a million people in Hasaka and its countryside and cut it to the waters of the Euphrates in violation of international laws, and said in this context: "All these challenges constitute major humanitarian issues that the international community needs to take into consideration, and to reconsider everything that is presented or rejected to alleviate the suffering of the Syrian people."

The United Nations and the decision-maker states bear full responsibility

At the end of his speech, the Deputy of Joint Presidency of the Executive Council of Autonomous Administration in Northern and Eastern Syria held the relevant international institutions and states with full humanitarian and legal responsibility to bear the consequences of their unfair decisions.



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