The bodies of a number of the wounded who were taken to Qamishlo and al-Hasakah hospitals have found burn marks indicating that they have been exposed to internationally prohibited weapons. According to medical examinations in hospitals in northern and eastern Syria, the marks of burns are caused by the use of prohibited weapons, and medical institutions appealed to international institutions to conduct in-depth investigations into the matter.
According to a 2011 report by the Human Rights Society, the chemical weapons report, the Turkish military used prohibited chemical weapons against Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) fighters between 1994 and 2011.
According to the report, the Turkish army used biological weapons 46 times, and 437 people were killed during the attacks.
The report also includes:
- Number of claims of use of chemical weapons against elements: 39
- Number of claims to use chemical weapons against nature and environment: 5
- Number of claims for the use of biological weapons: 2
- Chemical weapons attacks resulted in the loss of 437 people.
- Chemical weapons attacks killed 134 different animals.
In May 11, 1999, 20 PKK fighters were killed in the village of Balkan in Silopi district of Şırnak state. Analyzes in German laboratories have demonstrated the use of weapons containing lethal chemicals and gases.
In Colemêrg’s Cilê district, the use of chemical weapons by the Turkish army was confirmed during a battle in 2009 in which eight fighters lost their lives.
Hans Baumann, a professor at the University of Hamburg, examined the available evidence and concluded that Turkey was using chemical weapons.
In July 31, 2011, a battle broke out in Şemzinan district of Colemêrg, in which the Turkish army used chemical weapons.
The Turkish army used chemical weapons on Botan
The Turkish army also used chemical weapons during the period of resistance to the Autonomy in the city of Jazeera in 2016, at which time the parliamentarian of the Democratic Peoples' Party in Şırnak Faisal Sari Yildiz sent letters to the United Nations Secretariat, the International Court and the European Council to investigate the events of the city of Jazeer. In his letter to Yildiz, the autopsy results showed that most of those who lost their lives were burned and decomposed during the 64-day curfew on Jazeer. 80 people who lost their lives were identified, and 129 people who lost their lives have yet to be identified".
In Afrin, doctors confirmed the use of chemical weapons
During the resistance of Afrin, doctors confirmed that the Turkish army used chemical weapons, and according to investigations by the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights that the Turkish army used chemical weapons during the raids that targeted the villages of Bulbul and Shera. The bodies of more than 20 injured people who were taken to hospitals in the area also found marks indicating the possible use of chemical weapons.
On 16, 17 and 18 October, the bodies of the injured (most of them children), who were transferred from the city of Serekaniye to the hospitals of Qamishlo, Tel Tamer and Al-Hasakah, were found to have strange burn marks. According to information the doctor at the hospital in al-Hasakah Fares Hammu, he told Hawar News that the marks of burns on the bodies of the injured indicate the use of prohibited weapons. Hammu said they could not conduct in-depth analysis because of the lack of necessary equipment.
For his part, British expert in chemical weapons Hamish de Bretton-Gordon told "The Times Newspaper": "In the past 24 hours, there have been many photos to confirm this information, it seems that these deep burns are caused by white phosphorus."
According to Gordon, the Turkish occupation state and its mercenaries used weapons containing white phosphorus in the attacks against Serekaniye.
Another expert highlighted the possibility of using chemical weapons, Prof. Dr. Shabnam Kuru Fanganji. "There is no chance of closer scrutiny, but the burns on the bodies of the injured increase the likelihood of using chemical weapons," Fangangi, who has examined the images of the fires on children's bodies, told Ronahi.
How is the use of chemical weapons investigated?
Experts working in chemical weapons use areas follow a range of evidence-gathering procedures including ocean inspection, analysis and examination and witness documentation.
The ocean contains samples of weapons that have been used, where all samples are made of soil and cement fragments.
Medical examination and analysis include the examination of samples of urine, blood and hair.
In addition to the statements and observations of witnesses, videos and other information published on the media and social networking sites.
According to experts, it is important to reach the victims and the injured, because it is the real source of confirmation of the use of chemical weapons are vital sources. The most important witnesses in this area are the victims.
The International Convention on the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons provides access to all witnesses and evidence, including bodies.