The writer and politician Yashar Yakish said, "There are a number of controversial issues between these two "allies" and some are stagnant, one is the long-standing conflict of interests between the United States and Turkey in Syria, the interests of the two parties in Syria are synchronized in some areas, and divergent in other areas.
The writer noted, "They agree to some extent that Bashar al-Assad should not have a role in Syria's future, but the United States believes there is no better alternative to al-Assad at the moment, while Turkey insists on not cooperating with Damascus despite its close interests with the regime regarding the Kurds in Syria. On the other hand, Turkey strongly opposes the US arming and training the Kurdish fighters of YPG."
The second problem in the eastern Mediterranean was that oil and gas exploration firms based in the United States, Noble Energy and Exxon Mobil, discovered rich oil reserves off the coast of Cyprus, where the company signed a $ 9.3 billion deal to extract and export gas.
Turkey informed the international community that it believed that the natural resources of Cyprus should have been shared with Turkish Cypriots and that the Government of Nicosia had no authority to ignore the rights of the so-called Turkish Cyprus. The Turkish Cypriots asked a Turkish company to explore gas off the coast of Cyprus and the economic zone, which Turkey considered part of Turkish Cyprus.
The coordinates of this area were sent to the Secretary-General of the United Nations. A Turkish vessel carries out this exploration, and it is protected by the Turkish navy.
The third, biggest and imminent problem between the United States and Turkey was the S-400 and F-35 issues .
Washington strongly opposes Ankara's purchase of Russia's S-400 air defense system on the grounds that it may determine the vulnerabilities of the US aircraft.
On the impact of this problem, Ankara proposed the establishment of a technical committee to allow experts to discuss the issue, but the Pentagon objected to the proposal, so by telephone, the Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan convinced his US counterpart Donald Trump. However, since American members of any technical committee will be the same of Pentagon experts, who rejected the idea, Turkish experts are unlikely to be able to convince them.
During the discussion of the composition of the committee between the two capitals, US Defense Secretary Patrick Shanahan sent a letter to his Turkish counterpart Khulosi Akar reiterating that Ankara's decision to proceed with the S-400 would lead to the imposition of sanctions.
Meanwhile, Turkey's participation in the F-35 program will be suspended as of July 31, and 42 students trained in Arizona will be required to leave. As of that date, Turkish Air Force personnel will be banned from entering US bases where training programs are being conducted. A second group was also canceled as Turkey was suspended from the F-35 program. Turkey was not invited to attend the round table on June 12 for government officials and industry leaders to discuss the program's performance and direction.
The Turkish industry, which manufactured 937 components of the aircraft, will not receive any new orders.
At the same time, another set of sanctions may be imposed on Turkey by the US Congress. There is a bipartisan initiative in both Houses of Congress to impose sanctions on Russia and Turkey under the law against America's opponents through sanctions.
Trump must choose at least five out of twelve punishments imposed on any state in accordance with the law provisions.