In conjunction with the 122nd anniversary of the Kurdish press, journalist Renoir Najem spoke to Hawar News Agency about the reality of the Kurdish press in Başûr (southern) Kurdistan.
Renoir Najem believes that the Kurdish media has been in constant conflict with the regional and international media for the last 120 years, and has benefited well from modern technologies and managed to reach more readers and followers.
He added, "But unfortunately, Kurdistan was not a free country at the time, like other peoples, where the potential of free countries did not exist, and this led to the Kurdish media not developing at the desired level, but some personal attempts, despite the lack of capabilities, contributed to creating the conditions of development, and thus Kurdish media got to the present day. "
On the history of the emergence of the Kurdish media in southern Kurdistan, Najem said, "In the 1920s when Sheikh Mahmoud Barzanji was leading the struggle, it was an important stage for the Kurdish press, especially the press in Başûr (Southern Kurdistan) in my view, at that point, when the political struggle was being strengthened, many developments took place in the Kurdish press with the influence of Sheikh Mahmoud Barzanji, for example, when the English began an air attack on the movement of Mahmoud Barzanji in 1923, the movement was forced to go to the mountains, and the fighters brought with them a printing press, put them in a cave, and printed a leaflet in the name of Bangi Haq (Appeal Al-Haqq), if Sheikh Mahmoud Barzanji did not attach importance the liberation struggle, he would not have thought of the need to print leaflets in these difficult circumstances. "
In Başûr, there is almost no distance between political parties and the media
Renoir, referring to the reality of the media and the press in southern Kurdistan, said that the federal system created conditions for the Kurdish media, and also added, "The Kurds worked in a more free environment and were able to develop the media. After 1991 a new phase began for the Kurdish media, Kurdish journalists could describe the problems easier, for example, there was more active media activity in the fields of language, culture, and enlightenment, but, unfortunately, the Kurdish media later took a party path, and it continued along this path to the present day. Today, we can say that the distance is almost non-existent between political parties and means media The media operates within the political framework of the parties, and this made the media play a very bad role in the stage of internal fighting.
The media was unable to transform into a fourth power in southern Kurdistan
Najem noted that the media in Başûr is directly subject to the influence of the parties, and “has become a scourge for the Kurds.” He continued in this regard. “This creates a negative situation, because the media cannot freely evaluate events, according to general assessments. The media was unable to transform into a fourth authority, the media operating in the party framework, hindered this, and this prevented the media from becoming a fourth power and a means of censorship, so today there is a need for a media that is completely far from the political parties. "