while the Middle East was on the threshold of an important transformation, with the capture of the leader Abdullah Ocalan on February 15, 1999 and the American war on Afghanistan in 2001, and the American invasion of Iraq two years later, the eyes were on Syria, Iraq's neighbor, The other one was part of the "Greater/New Middle East" project.
PYD was founded in the phase of major transformations in the Middle East
PYD was established on September 20, 2003, amid a tight security pursuit of the Kurds by the Syrian regime led by Bashar al-Assad, who took power in 2000 after the death of his father, Hafez al-Assad.
The Kurds were being harassed and prosecuted on all sides, after Assad struck agreements with Turkey, ignoring his father's cautious policy and his tactical relations with the Kurds in order to strike a balance with Turkey, which supports the Muslim Brotherhood; Assad's sworn enemies.
Of course, it was not easy at the time to establish a party in a country one of its constitution terms states that the Baath Party is the leading party of the state and society, any attempt to form an opposition party would be met with brutal repression.
High price but solid foundation
At the time that PYD declared itself, and put its eyes on the Kurdish organization and all components of Syria as part of a strategy to build a democratic Syria, away from the national and religious polarization, but the price was high.
With its founding, the party was subjected to attempts to liquidate from the outside and inside. The Syrian regime forces launched a large-scale campaign of arrests of its founders, leaders, and its supporters; the security branches and regime detainees were filled with party leaders and supporters.
A number of founders were tortured in Syrian regime prisons, such as Ahmed Hussein ( Jodi's father) and Asman Dadley.
In 2004, the party's leader Maysa Baqi (Shilan Kobane) and her companions Jamil, Zakaria and Fouad were also martyred in the Iraqi city of Mosul following an attack by the Turkish intelligence and its spies in the region.
The blood of these martyrs was the beginning of the party's beginning, and formed a solid foundation and a base on which the successors in the PYD were founded.
The Uprising of Qamishlo
Several months after the announcement of the Democratic Union Party, the Uprising of Qamishlo sparked on March 12, 2004. The party played the leading role in leading the Kurdish rallies against the Syrian regime's policy of repression against the Kurdish liberation movement.
Despite the difficult circumstances, the party organized secretly the ranks of the people in Rojava, Aleppo and the Syrian capital, Damascus.
The party was aware that Syria was coming to a new phase sooner or later, based on in-depth analysis of the Middle East by leader Abdullah Ocalan.
The party was certain that the strength lay in the organization, so it was of great importance to enlighten, raise awareness and prepare society for the next stage in order to face the change, not to be a pawn in the hands of the dominant forces aiming to exploit society in the orbit of their interests. Indeed the party succeeded in doing so.
This continued until the spring of 2011, when a popular movement against the Syrian regime sparked with the aim of changing it.
The third line
As soon as the situation in Syria worsened, and regional and international players began to manipulate and derail the Syrian revolution, the situation in Rojava was quite different.
On July 19, 2012, the Kurds in Rojava announced their revolution, driven by the momentum of intensive awareness and organizational activity that the PYD has exerted since its founding.
The party succeeded in distancing itself and society from conflicts based on the seizure of power, and pursued a third-line policy of moving away from power struggle and focusing on achieving a fundamental change in the structure of the ideological system, and transforming it from an authoritarian system to a democratic one away from extremism. National and religious, it grants all religious and national components of both sexes equal rights.
The party also established a common presidency based on fair and equal participation of the sexes in the administration at various levels, and also gave the party a prominent role for young people in expressing their aspirations and hopes, and the opportunity to participate effectively in various fields.
Thus, the party succeeded in organizing society through institutions that manage society, organize it in line with the public interest, remain at an equal distance from an authoritarian regime, and an opposition that it carries more radical ideas.
The decisive stage
The policies of the party, and the level of organization did not promote the tyrannical forces, so Rojava and north and east of Syria were attacked by mercenary groups and the Turkish occupation state. The main objective to strike the project of the democratic nation on which the party is based.
Despite all these attacks, the party has remained cohesive, maintaining its mass base, drawing on bitter years of struggle in the face of policies of repression and denial.
At a time when the Middle East is facing major upheavals in Syria, PYD is holding its eighth conference and preparing to lead a very sensitive phase.
At this point, the party will face major challenges of leading the community and bringing it to safety, and will face many attacks in order to have no impact on the new order in the Middle East and the world.
Perhaps the most significant challenge facing the party in the next phase is to try to exclude it from the international scene in order to form a system that embodies the interests of regional and international powers in the Middle East.
At its eighth conference, the party must set its sights on consolidating the democratic nation's project and moving forward, in rooting out the peoples' brotherhood in the regions of northern and eastern Syria to reach a decentralized pluralism in which all components participate.