Panorama: Turkey hinders Libyan solution, major clashes in Iraq

During the past week, the media were busy analyzing the reasons for Russia revealing a distress message from Bashar al-Assad to Putin in 2013, while Turkey keeps obstructing the Libyan political solution, while the Iraqi Nasiriyah witnessed protests and major clashes.

During the past week, Arab newspapers reported on the Russian messages to Damascus, in addition to the Libyan crisis, as well as the Iraqi protests.

Why does Moscow uncover the "Assad distress" of 2013 now?

The beginning of the Syrian issue, and in this context, Asharq Al-Awsat newspaper talked about an article by the Russian newspaper "Zaftra" by the writer Rami Al-Shaer, which raised great questions, as it revealed for the first time that the Damascus leadership messaged Moscow in 2013 begging the Russia to save him.

the Russian's uncovering at this particular time of that message raised many questions, the newspaper said: "The important question is related to the mechanism of Moscow's response to that distress at that time, and why did it wait for two years to intervene military in the Syrian war at the end of September 2015?

The article reads a verbatim text from the letter sent on November 24, 2013: “We have handed in the chemical weapons to the international community, putting our confidence that Russia will provide the needed alternatives to confront the terrorist aggression on our homeland, but matters at the present time indicate a possible sudden collapse within a few days. Yesterday, after we lost the 5 largest towns in Ghouta, and the militants reached 3 kilometers from Damascus International Airport, and cut them off the Damascus - Homs international road, after they occupied Deir Atiyah, and our human and fire capabilities were depleted.

 Therefore, there is a very urgent need for direct military intervention by Russia, otherwise, Syria and the entire civilian world will fall in the hands of Islamic terrorists. ”

In an interview with the newspaper, Rami Al-Shaer confirmed the validity of the article data, and said that this message was among several messages that were circulated within one of several channels of communication that were activated at the initiative of the regime, and “this is normal in similar circumstances to resort to the different channels of dialogue ».

But why was it is uncovered now? The article bore a striking title: “is Damascus going to resort to normalization with Israel?”

This title mirrors some aspects of the growing dissatisfaction in Moscow with the performance of President al-Assad, which, as stated in the article, is no longer limited to attempts to obstruct the Russian steps aimed at advancing the work of the "Constitutional Committee" in the context of implementing Resolution 2254, but rather to the complete bet on not the international community has alternatives, or continues to think that the military solution alone is capable of fixing a new equation, or the more important thing here is betting on "other roles or deals such as the tendency towards normalization with Israel."

In this regard, reliable Russian sources said that “the attempts to manipulate the normalization file from behind Russia’s back are very dangerous, because it reflects a willingness to concede everything, including a retreat from the fixed positions that Moscow defended through the importance of implementing international decisions related to the Golan file and others. from files to push any dialogues ».

This issue seems as one of the reasons why the distress message was deliberately revealed at this time, as Moscow practically intended to remind the regime again of the situation in which it was before it intervened to save it.

The other important question: Why did Moscow wait two years? How did you deal with the Assad’s distress at the time?

The article stated: “Many people question the role of the Russian guarantor in these critical times, and when Syria was on the edge of the abyss, and days before the entire country fell into the hands of (extremist groups and terrorist organizations).”

The important element in the issue of "waiting" is the reason that when the regime begged for Russia help, there was an actual military presence in Syria for Iran, Turkey and the United States, and it was not possible for Moscow to undertake an adventure whose consequences were not calculated. Therefore, extensive work was required to administer coordination with the forces on the ground, especially the Americans to avoid clashing on the ground.

It also increased, “When matters got very dangerous, and Damascus became really threatened and besieged, and all the data indicated the danger of the fighting moving into the city, which means a bloody confrontation with the Fourth Division that could have resulted in a catastrophic expansion of the number of civilian casualties, at that time Moscow intervened militarily to save Damascus and the rest of the Syrian cities ».

'Mercenaries are an obstacle to the Libyan solution'

Regarding the Libyan issue, Al-Sharq Al-Awsat newspaper said: “The former UN envoy to Libya, Sitvani Williams, confirmed the presence of about 20,000 mercenaries in Libya, indicating that they did not enter a“ red carpet and have to go out, ”because the Libyans“ refuse any Foreign presence."

In an interview with Asharq Al-Awsat, Williams said that the Libyan government, whose formation was presented by its President-designate Abdel Hamid Dabaiba yesterday, has a "great opportunity" to lead the country to elections on December 24 and to implement the "road map" emanating from The Libyan dialogue, pointing out that "the biggest challenge facing it is the lust for power and wealth among some."

Williams revealed that the United Nations team took advantage of the "military stalemate" to push matters toward a ceasefire on October 23, noting that among the important factors in the success of the Libyan dialogue is "the Libyan government's rejection of the foreign presence in their country."

And he continued, "In Libya, there are between 17 and 20 thousand mercenaries," including six thousand Syrians.

'Continuous clashes in Iraq'

On the Iraqi side, Al-Bayan newspaper said: "There have been renewed clashes in Iraq between demonstrators and security forces in the center of Nasiriyah, in conjunction with a number of protesters meeting with Interior Minister Othman Al-Ghanimi.

Clashes took place on the Nasr Bridge leading to the governorate building, which prompted the security forces to close the bridge.

On the same level, the special security delegation headed by the Iraqi Interior Minister Othman Al-Ghanmi and the head of the National Security Agency, Abdul-Ghani Al-Asadi, met with a group of demonstrators in Nasiriyah, to discuss the current developments.

The visit of the security delegation came, according to the directives of Iraqi Prime Minister Mustafa Al-Kazemi, who ordered to discuss the return of security and stability to the governorate, a few days before the historic visit of the Pope of the Vatican to Dhi Qar.

Upon its arrival in the Sumer operations center in Nasiriyah, the high-ranking security delegation held a meeting with the tribal sheikhs, and discussed with them ways to restore stability to the governorate.

The visit comes after three casualties and more than 60 wounded, including security forces, during the clashes in the governorate for the third day in a row, according to sources.

It is noteworthy that protests in the Iraqi provinces still erupt from time to time, despite the curfew imposed by the government and security measures to prevent the spread of the Corona epidemic.

The governorate has witnessed movement and tense conditions since the middle of last year, 2020, against the background of calls for the dismissal of government and security officials, following clashes that led to the killing of demonstrators.

In June of last year, the authorities arrested all the officers involved in suppressing the demonstrations in Dhi Qar, and dropping nearly 400 calls against peaceful protesters in the governorate.

Last November, bloody events took place after which Iraqi Prime Minister Mustafa Al-Kazemi made several decisions related to Dhi Qar Governorate.

At that time, the spokesman for Al-Kazemi, Major General Yahya Rasoul, announced in a statement that the Iraqi Prime Minister had issued a decision to dismiss the police chief in Dhi Qar Governorate, and to form a committee to investigate the events that took place in the governorate, to announce a curfew there, and to cancel the permits to carry weapons, to prevent further repercussions. Harm civil peace in Iraq.



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