Turkey's interference in the affairs of some Arab countries, especially in Syria, Iraq and Libya, has increased, which raises questions about Ankara's motives from these interventions.
"The tools of war were present."
In this context, Hawar news agency ANHA held a special interview with the Lebanese researcher and expert on Turkish affairs, D.Ph. Hoda Rizk, in which she said, "The first target in Syria was regime change, and this was what Ahmet Davutoğlu did in the beginning when he went to Bashar al-Assad, saying that the Shiite revival had ended and the revival had begun. Sunni, in the sense that al-Assad must give up some of his powers to a prime minister who is from the Muslim Brotherhood and not only Sunni, and that has a large portion of the powers of the President of the Republic.
Rizk continues, "This blatant interference in the heart of the Syrian regime was preceded by a military establishment, and the proof of this is that Turkey has prepared tents for the displaced on its borders before there are displaced people, and before the military strike, which means that there is a tight plan that if al-Assad does not agree to this plan in a way political and peaceful - and this was expected that al-Assad would not agree - the military strike was ready, and the tools of war were present. "
"A renewed old Turkish dream in Iraq"
As for the Turkish intervention in Iraq, the Lebanese researcher says: "Ankara said to the United States in 2003 when it invaded Iraq, if there is an intention for the United States to divide Iraq, it is the first to retrieve the oil regions, especially Kirkuk and Mosul, where it has citizens it considers Turks and they are Turkmen, it says it abandoned Mosul in 1926 during talks with the British. "
Turkish exploitation of Arab weakness and the case of Palestine
On Turkey’s intensification of its interventions in the Arab affairs, Rizk said to our agency: “After America’s occupation of Iraq, Turkey considered the Arab world weak, and started the harbingers of interference in the Arab affairs when it tried to interfere in the interests of the Palestinians through the myth of Marmara, to say that it is with Palestine against Israeli practices, and sympathizes Arab world."
Rizk continues: "It is not by chance that the attack in Syria and the defense of the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt and the alliance with Ennahdha in Tunisia are the result of the moment, but there were certainly alliances between Qatar and Turkey on these issues, creating what is called the Arab Spring."
The Lebanese researcher confirms that "Al-Jazeera has a role in the Arab Spring that pursued the policy of playing on the issue of political Islam, and also in light of the dialogue that was led by the United States with political Islam on democracy." Then Rizk asks and answers: "Did the Arab Spring succeed? But it succeeded in one issue, which is creating chaos in the Arab world. "
Erdogan's problem is that he denies the Kurdish issue"
The expert on Turkish affairs confirmed during her speech that "Turkey has a fundamental problem which is its denial of the Kurdish issue, knowing that when it started talks with the Kurds in Turkey in 2007 in Sweden for reconciliation, which took place by the intelligence director Hakan Fidan, the goal was reconciliation and recognition of the right The Kurds practiced political life and the release of Abdullah Ocalan from Imrali prison, but Erdogan's projects are different, as he was in these talks keeping pace with the Europeans and Americans, but when he managed in 2014 to have a greater sense - in the sense that Abdullah excludes Gulen from politics and he enters the presidency The Republic - The talks were unsuccessful, because there is no trust between the two parties. Erdogan's goal is to exile the PKK fighters to Europe, to lay down their weapons and prevent them from entering politics, then Erdogan turned after the June 2015 elections to everything he pledged and all the talks that took place with the Kurds. And he started his war against them in the Kurdish areas. "
"A green American role"
This is in Turkey, but in Iraq, Rizk says: "Turkey has 20 military bases in the mountains of Kurdistan, and from them it bombs the Qandil and Sinjar mountains to prove its hostility to the Kurds."
When asked about the role of the Iraqi government in these attacks? The Lebanese researcher confirms that "the United States of America gives Erdogan the green light, as happened in Afrin, Manbij and all Kurdish regions, and America says that it is not concerned with Afrin, that is, where Russian forces are stationed and here the contradictions appear between the Russians and Americans, as it was played upon only for the interests of Erdogan. "
And Rizk adds, "Ankara will not allow there to be an autonomous region or the nucleus of a Kurdish state in Syria that converges with the Kurdistan region of Iraq, which was originally disagreeing with it, but it was placed before a fait accompli."
A lack of clarity in American policy
These contradictions raise a question about America’s policy, and Rizk says: “There is no clarity in America’s policy, because what it is doing is for its interests, which is to establish its presence in Iraq, within its conflict with Iran, and thus prevent communication between Syria, Iraq and Hezbollah in Lebanon, as it is considered Its presence in Iraq is strategic, not only against Iran and its allies, but this is a point connecting Iran to Syria and Lebanon, and thus it closes any war on Israel on the one hand, and the presence of the oil areas in it on the other hand, the problem is not only a problem of minorities, but the interests of countries, so America's interest is to give up on behalf of the Kurds in the interest of Erdogan, because he is its strategic and main ally, despite standing at the same time Iran and Russia in Astana. "
Here, Rizk confirms that "Turkish nationalism refuses to recognize the rights of the Kurds, or that there is a Kurdish issue, so we see Erdogan deny this issue and seek help from the nationalists in the Turkish interior to achieve its goals."
Erdogan exploits his Islam in his interests
On the direct Turkish intervention in Libya, the expert in the Turkish affairs says: "Ankara planned its military intervention in Libya before that, but two years ago until today it is trying to prove that it has rights in Turkish Cyprus and the Mediterranean through the conduct of frigates and extracting oil, which was rejected by Greek Cyprus, and this has been a dispute since 1974 and it was not resolved, despite the United Nations' mediation efforts.
"Turkey stands next to Turkish Cyprus, because it prepares its interest there by benefiting from oil and gas on the one hand, and on the other hand it wants to be a partner in this wealth, so it found a solution for it through Accord Government, which is Islamic, and Erdogan uses his Islam in his interests, so he contracted with Accord Government an agreement in its war with Khalifa Haftar, according to which Turkey will recover the investments it had at the time of Muammar Gaddafi, except that it would benefit from Libyan oil and gas, which was rejected by Cyprus, Greece and Egypt, because Erdogan interferes militarily in Libya, in addition to his political projects through the assistance of Accord Government. "
"America supports Erdogan to stop the Russian expansion"
Turkey is a member of NATO, and at the same time, France is also a member of NATO, so why stand against Turkey? Rizk answers us: "France considers that Turkey is covered by NATO cover in order to enter Libya, and France is supportive of Haftar who is fighting Turkey's allies, and America believes that Russia has intervened a lot in Libya and has strength and status because it supports Wagner's forces, and leads talks in Moscow and Germany for non-interference The military in Libya, and Turkey is one of these countries that participated in Berlin and vowed not to intervene militarily, but it continued in the war, and Russia was not far from that, so it had to defend Tripoli, so it agreed to Turkish intervention. "
Rizk adds: "When Erdogan managed to take control of Tripoli, he wanted to go to Sirte and Jafra, and that means occupying the oil triangle, and all countries fighting in Libya have interests in this region, including France, which cannot allow Erdogan to occupy this area and strike its interests. Therefore, we see that there is a Turkish-French conflict that almost transformed militarily, and here Rizk says: “America does not want to have a strong intervention for Russia, so it supports Turkish intervention and the completion of the war in Libya against which France stands, as it is a conflict between two parties in NATO, But the United States supports Erdogan in order to stand up to Russian expansion. "
"Egypt's threats are aimed at stopping the war"
With regard to the announcement of Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, military intervention in Libya, and is it the beginning of the Arab move against Turkey? Rizk says: “When Sisi set the principles to stop the war in Libya, this was done at the behest of France, as well as Russia, which said that Khlifia Haftar could be excluded, and the speaker of the House of Representatives, Aqila Saleh, would negotiate with the Turks and GNA, but it seems that France did not accept With this solution, Erdogan insisted on the continuation of the war, and at the same time Donald Trump stood with the Egyptian decisions and supported them, and thus when Egypt threatens military intervention in Libya, this means that a war will occur between America's allies.
According to Rizk, "Al-Sisi's announcement is to stop the war and return to political talks, excluding Egyptian interference in Libya, and is likely to prevail in political talks, and this interference is limited to Libya, and Egypt will not interfere in the Arab world, especially after its withdrawal from it in 1978 and its withdrawal from joint Arab defense ".