At a time when Iranian interference in the countries of the region, such as Syria, Iraq, Lebanon and Yemen, is increasing, taking advantage of the chaos and political vacuum in them after the so-called Spring of Peoples revolutions, and dedicating all its capabilities to support groups loyal to it in these countries, it neglected the peoples living inside Iran, and imposed on them denial policies It prevented them from speaking their own languages and executed politicians. The corruption of poverty, oppression and injustice led these peoples to rise up against them.
Since December 2017, Iran has witnessed several uprisings in which the population has taken to the streets to denounce the economic crisis afflicting this rich country in the Middle East, at first, but quickly turned into protests against the policy of the Iranian Malali regime against the non-Persian peoples, especially the Kurds, Arabs and Baloch.
Hardly a day passes in Rojhilat, "eastern Kurdistan" and other Iranian regions, when political activists who refuse to submit to the Iranian regime are subject to arrest and execution in its public squares and streets, in addition to the systematic repression and liquidation of dozens of Kurdish detainees and detention centers in Iranian prisons.
Since the United States withdrew from the nuclear agreement with Iran in May 2018 and imposed economic sanctions on it, the Iranian regime's pressure on the non-Persian peoples of Iran has increased.
In this context, Fatima Karimi, a member of the Kurdish Human Rights Network from Rojhilat Kurdistan, indicated that Iran is experiencing an economic crisis under the pressures of world powers, especially America, and pointed out that the economic pressures in the Kurdish regions are more than in other regions in Iran.
Fatima believes that the Iranian government is supposed to reduce its pressure on the people in light of the economic crisis it is going through, but on the contrary, "it increased its pressure on all sides, especially on opponents and protesters against the ruling system and the established politics."
Fatima Karimi, a member of the Kurdish Human Rights Network, stated that during this year, Iranian security institutions arrested 20 Kurdish women and more than 200 men.
She pointed out that civil institutions are subject to monitoring by the security authorities, adding: "Participation in the smallest civil or cultural event in Rojhilat Kurdistan exposes its owner to prosecution, arrest and attacks, and unfair judgments are issued against them."
Fatima Karimi explained that pressures and arbitrary policies have increased in recent years throughout Iran, but the Kurdish regions remain among the areas most vulnerable to cultural and political genocides, and therefore any political or cultural activity in the region is subject to attacks and security pressures.
Fatima pointed out that the arrests in Rojhilat occur daily for dozens of activists, and workers within the women's and human rights movements, with false and meaningless excuses.
The detainees' strike is a means of expressing rejection
Fatima Karimi emphasized that there are no bodies or institutions that express serious positions regarding the inhumane rulings issued by the Iranian authorities against the detained activists, so detainees, men and women, turn to other methods to express their rejection of the policies applied against them, and most of them resort to hunger strikes that end either with strikers losing their lives or without result.
Fatima Karimi touched upon the conditions inside Iranian prisons, and said: "The security authorities in the prisons do not meet the lowest demands and daily needs of detainees, and there is great negligence in providing medical care, especially in light of the spread of the coronavirus, and therefore detainees tend to go on hunger strike."
Fatima believes that the situation of Arab, Kurdish and Baloch detainees is in danger, in light of the Iranian authorities' failure to respond to their demands.
Difficulty documenting violations
It is difficult for human rights organizations to work in Iran and document their human rights violations and practices against activists and detainees, and this poses great difficulty in facing the truth.
In this context, a member of the Kurdish Human Rights Network, Fatima Karimi, notes that despite the security pressures throughout the region, with the presence of civil and political activists alongside the Kurdish media, they seek to show the facts and monitor violations.
She indicated that they collect information and news, but “documenting practices in the region is difficult,” because the Iranian authorities follow citizens who fear what they will face at the hands of the authorities, and pointed out that in the Kurdistan Human Rights Network they were able to document some of the violations and share them with world public opinion.
Fatima says that the Kurdistan Human Rights Network, with the aim of documenting all forms of violations practiced in Rojhilat and Iran, is trying in a direct way to communicate with the target figures whose rights have been violated by the Iranian government or with their families to monitor and document information about their files and share it with the public opinion.
Fatima Karimi stated that their network relies on publishing news about the violations committed against civilians in Rojhilat and Iran, in addition to the detention of detainees in prisons, and defamation of death sentences issued by the authorities against activists and politicians.
She indicated that they prepare monthly and annual reports that include violations against human rights in Rojhilat and Iran, and send them to international human rights organizations, the United Nations and others.
The Iranian regime and constitution opposes women's rights
The Iranian regime does not differ from other regimes in the region in terms of its dealings with women and their rights. Rather, the Islamic Republic of Iran is one of the most violent and pressure on women.
In this context, Fatima Karimi affirms that the Iranian regime is known for its anti-women and the practice of a policy against women since the beginning of Malali s' authority in the Islamic Republic, as most of the articles of the Iranian regime’s constitution have changed and all other articles have been added against women and cause gender discrimination, such as prohibiting the work of women in human rights and political institutions.
She explained that there are women who are struggling to oppose the male law, and are seeking to pressure the Iranian regime to review its laws, such as the imposition of the veil and the dress code.
Fatima Karimi talked about Zainab Jalalian, who has been detained in Iranian prisons for 13 years, and is now in an isolation room in prison in light of her incurable disease.
Fatima says that the Iranian authorities are practicing pressure and torture methods against the detainee Zainab Jalalian to force her to confess and surrender, so that this was shown on her media outlets.
She emphasized that despite Zainab Jalalian's illness, her treatment is linked to her acquiescence to the conditions of the Iranian regime, which is to surrender, and she said: “But Zainab spoke through her writings and messages about execution, women's issues, and the prohibition of elections, explaining her position, so the Islamic Republic is trying in all ways to target and damages her personality.
Kurdistan Human Rights Network
The Kurdistan Human Rights Network is an independent global institution established in 2014 in France, and it has no political or party relations, and it is based on disseminating information and charters on human rights, especially in Kurdistan and Iran.
According to Fatima Karimi, a member of the Kurdish Human Rights Network, the network is working to alert international human rights and humanitarian organizations and organizations regarding violations of human rights in Rojhilat and Iran, through its news that it publishes on its official website in the Kurdish, Persian and English languages.
A number of the activists of the network, which joined the global agreement against the death penalty since 2017, are in Iranian prisons due to their activity in documenting violations in the country, and therefore most of its members are currently working outside Iran.