Aldar Khalil, the member of the Executive Body of the Democratic Society Movement(TEV-DEM), made the remarks during an interview conducted by ANHA, on the developments in the region, especially the Turkish threats following the agreement on the border "security zone" between the SDF and Turkey mediated by the US.
The Turkish state has been threatening to occupy northern and eastern Syria for years, and has escalated its threats after the agreement on the security mechanism mediated by the United States and its entry into force and the application of the Syrian Democratic Forces all the items so far, how do you evaluate these threats?
It is known to all that the primary objective of the Turkish occupation state is the occupation, and Turkey is moving in the region under the Milli Charter, which states that all the areas from the countryside of Aleppo and northern Syria to Mosul in Iraq are areas belonging to the Republic of Turkey; in occupying the areas contained in the agreement, the Milli Charter for the entry into force of the Lausanne Agreement of 1923, under which Turkey was instructed not to exceed its current borders, and now that the end of the Lausanne Agreement is nearing, Erdogan is trying to put his plans into action on the one hand, twist an agreement with the Syrian regime in 1998 (Adana Convention), and under this agreement Turkey in Syria legitimizes interventions.
The occupation of Afrin is a deal between Russia, Turkey and the Syrian regime, the content of which is to re-establish relations between Turkey and the Syrian regime, and Turkey moved under the Adana Agreement in the north and east of Syria.
Erdogan now plays on two tendencies, for two reasons: the implementation of his occupation aims within the north and east of Syria, and the second: the export of his internal crisis, because Erdogan is now in a major dilemma, the Turkish economy is collapsing, its relationship with the European Union almost collapsed, the internal opposition in Turkey all united against Erdogan arrived in the country for splits within his party, and the AKP's founders left the party as a result of Erdogan's policies. Therefore, to overcome the above, Erdogan is trying to launch an attack on the areas of northern and eastern Syria, despite attempts by the Autonomous Administration of northern and eastern Syria, the SDF and America.
The agreement or understanding concluded between the Syrian Democratic Forces and Turkey, mediated by the United States, hindered Erdogan's plans in terms of the timing of the implementation of his aims within the northern and eastern areas of Syria, and this does not mean that the danger on the areas of northern and eastern Syria is over.
The essence of the meeting held in Ankara between Russia, Iran and Turkey on September 16, was the conclusion of an agreement against the north and east of Syria and the Kurds, the content of this agreement: Turkey will launch an attack on the north and east of Syria and the silence of both Russia and Iran, and statements made by the Syrian regime and Rouhani in the same timing regarding the SDF and their accusation of terrorism is evidence of this. Erdogan aims to put pressure on America to launch an attack on northern and eastern Syria.
The danger of a Turkish attack on northern and eastern Syria remains, and we should not delude ourselves that it is gone.
The Syrian Democratic Forces and the Autonomous Administration of Northern and Eastern Syria implemented the first phase of the agreement with Turkey mediated by the United States. The forces withdrew and surrendered their positions to the military councils. The forces destroyed their fortifications on the border in case the Turkish occupation launched an attack on the areas of northern and eastern Syria, who bears responsibility in this case?
The Turkish army is still stationed on the border and brings reinforcements to the border and Erdogan continues to threaten, and Turkish planes hovering over the skies of the region, but we must not forget that the statements made by the United States and Turkey after the discussions between the two sides mediated by the US were to reach an understanding between the Turkish and Syrian forces at any moment, Turkey can make a statement and say that these understandings have brought no results and could attack northern and eastern Syria.
As for the steps taken by the SDF to withdraw troops and destroy the fortifications on the border to show the whole world that they do not pose any threat to Turkey, and to show its goodwill to the whole world as a force that does not threaten anyone, yes SDF destroyed some fortifications on the border, the whole world must realize that the Autonomous Administration and the Syrian Democratic Forces have taken serious steps in this regard and implemented all the required items, and the world public opinion and the United Nations, especially America, have to fulfill their duty in this regard because we fought together against ISIS, they have to not allow Turkey to attack the region.
There are now thousands of ISIS mercenaries in the Autonomous Administration prisons, and nearly 71,000 ISIS members in the camps. If Turkey launches an attack on the region, what will be the repercussions?
Initially, any attack on the areas of northern and eastern Syria is a flagrant violation of human rights and UN conventions. It aims to occupy the area, which is unacceptable under international conventions. It will also destroy social life in the region, which is one of the most secure and stable areas in Syria, threatening the security and stability of all coexisting components of the Kurds, Arabs and Syriac people.
You also mentioned that there are huge numbers of ISIS mercenaries and their families detained by the administration, and any attack on the region is open to all possibilities. If the mercenaries escape, they will pose a threat and threaten the whole world.
Since the complexity of the Syrian crisis, meetings have been held to resolve this crisis, and in all meetings, representatives of northern and eastern Syria are excluded from these meetings, recently, UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres announced the formation of the Constitutional Commission for Syria and there is no representative of the Autonomous Administration on the lists of that committee, why do you think this exclusion is made?
There are two reasons, first, no solution to the crisis has been adopted, so far, the major powers concerned with the Syrian crisis, which have interests in the region, have not decided to resolve the Syrian crisis. All committee members have been appointed but they need years to draft the constitution.
The second and main reason is the forces concerned with solving the Syrian crisis, which does not want to involve the democratic project owners in the meetings that are held to solve the crisis, because the participation of the democratic forces represented by the components of northern and eastern Syria in these meetings will contribute to finding a solution to the crisis, in particular, Turkey, because all mercenary factions and the so-called opposition are linked to Turkey, Turkey is never satisfied with the participation of the components of northern and eastern Syria, especially the Kurds in the constitutional process, and has a direct impact on the opposition and other forces.
For the Constitutional Committee, any constitution drafted for Syria that does not involve all the Syrian components does not represent the Syrian people.
What is needed for the components of northern and eastern Syria in the current phase?
All components of the region, including Kurds, Arabs, Syrians and Chaldeans, must join forces and support the Autonomous Administration and its military system, to protect their democratic system, and to be prepared at all social, military and service levels, and to work as a beehive to deter any attack on the region, and they must not depend on the external forces, but rely on their military system and their forces.