ZANA SIDI- JUMMA MUHAMMAD / KOBANI
Electricity is one of the most valuable resources, and it is important came from its interfere in most of human life, the river's dams are the main sources of power generation, while other methods of power generation are based on thermal and aeronautical stations.
There are other goals for the construction of the most important is the storage of water for irrigation projects or to transform them into drinking water, not rely on them as a backup source for electricity generation.
In North Syria, three of the country's largest dams, Tishrein, al-Huryia and Euphrates dams, these dams generate electricity of 35 percent of Syrian territory.
In this context, Hawar news agency visited Tishrein Dam and met with the dam's administration and the workers there, and discussed with them the working conditions of the dam at the current stage, where the electricity issue is the main discussion topic among the general public.
Turkey's water cuts hamper the dams' work
The water flowing into the Euphrates River from Turkey was used by the latter as a pressure card against the Syrian people at the start of the current crisis, which is the cause of this problem for decades between the two countries.
Turkey deliberately manipulates the water level, it does not recognize the Euphrates and thus finds itself not bound by international conventions guaranteeing equitable sharing of the international rivers' waters.
However, under the Syrian-Turkish Interim Agreement signed in 1987, Turkey undertakes to provide an annual rate of more than 500 cubic meters of water per second, while in reality it does not provide a rate exceeding 300 m3 per second.
Disruption of water is an obstacle to dams, which can not generate electricity.
This is sometimes caused by the collapse of dams if the water exceeds the capacity of the dam to withstand, but the workers and management of the dam, which is the first dam on the Euphrates line coming from Turkey is measuring Water level 3 times a day to keep the dam safe from dirty Turkish schemes and manipulating water.
The three dams work together to generate a common energy
Tishrein Dam was liberated on December 26, 2015 by Syrian Democratic Forces and rehabilitated after the mercenaries were devastated many of its barracks, before the Euphrates and al-Huriya were later liberated and soon entered to work shortly before.
Tishrein Dam Lake, which has 1.9 billion cubic meters of water, is equipped with many large equipment inside a building consisting of 18 floors with 275 workers out of 800 working in the three dams and containing 6 work turbines
The Euphrates Dam, the largest dam in Syria, supplies 14.6 billion cubic meters of water and has eight work turbines.
Two out of six dams are operated in Tishrein dam, while one out of eight in the Euphrates Dam and one in al-Huriya Dam are operated.
The energies generated from the three dams are combined to be distributed on North Syria areas 12 hours a day.
In the operating room, which is considered one of the most important sections of the dam, the supervisor Jalal Sheikho and his companions observe the situation of the dam through a large panel with different colored buttons in addition to several computer screens showing plans for the distribution mechanism and the dam body.
Jalal says that all the faults and the general condition of the dam appear on the computer screens in addition to the large electronic board in front of them, indicating that in the operating room they decide the amount of electricity to be generated from the entire dam in proportion to the general situation and the status of the incoming water collected in the dam lake.
In this room, the amount of energy given by the dam to its lines is provided, for example, the dam feeds al-Mabrouka line (which supplies al-Jazeera region with electricity) with 230 KV, while Kobani / Serrien/ al-Jarniya line feeds with 66 KV and Manbij as so.
Electricity is an urgent need
Under the difficult conditions, Omar, one of the dam's supervisors, says they generate electricity in proportion to the amount of water. "The availability of water can generate electricity for 24 hours continuously, but there is not enough water," he said.
Omar stressed in his speech that the people should help them and not use electricity except for the necessary needs.