Egypt has recently witnessed shy demonstrations that some media outlets affiliated with Turkey and Qatar have tried to exploit for personal interest. Egypt has reacted notably to these accusations. Egyptian researcher in international relations and specialist in Turkish affairs Mustafa Salah talked about these issues and the relationship between Turkey and Qatar with the Muslim Brotherhood in a dialogue with (ANHA) agency, this is the text:
Demonstrations took place in Egypt in conjunction with President El-Sisi departure to New York to participate in the work of the United Nations General Assembly. Who was the main instigator of these demonstrations? What is the reason for incitement in this particular period?
In my opinion, there are many regional forces to which Egypt's internal stability is an obstacle in achieving its regional policies, especially by Turkey, which uses all its cards to achieve its regional project using extremist Islamic groups or media platforms directed against the Egyptian state, and increased the recent attack on Egypt regains Cairo's leading role in the region, a stumbling block to Turkish regional ambitions.
Some media tried to exploit the demonstrations to overthrow the Egyptian regime. What are the objectives of these means and to whom?
I think that the media channels of the State of Qatar and Turkey, which adopt the agenda of the Muslim Brotherhood, which is classified as a terrorist, tried to exploit demonstrations to achieve its goals, but inside Egypt there is a great awareness of the objectives of that group, especially after the people came out in 2013 rejecting its policies, and thus counting heavily on such calls to reappear Again in Egyptian society, taking advantage of the chaos resulting from these demonstrations.
At the New York meeting, the Turkish president again attacked Egypt and tried to influence public opinion to show Morsi's death as an act. What are Erdogan's goals in Egypt?
As for Turkey's efforts towards Egypt, the decline of Egypt's status greatly affects the possibility of achieving Turkey's project aimed at regional leadership in the concept of the new Ottoman Empire, and thus the Turkish regime is trying to employ all international, regional and even internal platforms to attack Egypt, especially as Cairo was liberated from its subordination to Turkey after the overthrow of former President Mohamed Morsi, and then the adoption of the strategy of breaking the bones of the Egyptian state, Turkey embraces the Muslim Brotherhood classified terrorist and provide them with sanctuaries and material, military and political support, to achieve the objectives of Ankara, and as a result is not surprising that directed August Turkish about these things, although some of the goals of Ankara is not only outside but also inside Turkey that Erdogan is trying to overcome the internal problems faced by directing public opinion to external problems.
Egypt's UN mission responded to Erdogan's comments and made several points. Is it possible to say that Egypt has moved from silence on the Turkish aggression to defending itself and exposing the Turkish plans in support of the Egyptian Brotherhood and the terrorists in Libya and Syria?
There is no doubt that there is a new strategy followed by the Egyptian state towards the Turkish escalation, especially since there are two files overlapping the vision on the practices of each, namely, the file of supporting extremist groups and intervening in the internal affairs of the region, and the second is the struggle for gas in the Eastern Mediterranean region. Egypt, from responding only to Turkish allegations, to moving more influentially on the Turkish side through the official channels of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and its statement as well as summoning the Turkish Chargé d'affaires, and by the latest informal channels through building regional alliances and supporting The aim is to confront the Turkish role, as evidenced by Egyptian cooperation and coordination with the Libyan side in the face of armed groups that have proven Turkey's involvement in supporting them with weapons and money.
The defector leader of the Muslim Brotherhood, Mukhtar Noah, who was adviser to the group's leader, revealed information and deals between Erdogan and the Brotherhood in Egypt. What is the relationship between Erdogan and the Brotherhood and how do the parties benefit from each other?
Regarding the relationship between the Brotherhood and Erdogan, it is certain that the two share the same internal and external vision of the region, and there is a strong interdependence between them in the ideological side and that the Turkish Justice and Development Party is only an extension of the policy of the organization, and perhaps field evidence indicates the extent of their compatibility, after the defeats suffered by the organization In Egypt and the countries of the region, he went directly to Turkey, which opened the doors to its arrivals, so the axes of benefit between them are great. The group has become as tool of implementation of Turkish policy in the Arab countries and became Ankara's internal agent, which it uses to put pressure on the governments of those countries.
What is the relationship between the demonstrations in Egypt and the targeting of Saudi Aramco and before targeting oil tankers off the UAE coast? Who is the beneficiary of this alliance?
There is a strong correlation between the internal Egyptian situation and its stability and its accession to the Arab coalition in the boycott of Qatar, because this is very much linked to the Egyptian foreign priorities. Events related to the threat of internal stability will be reflected mainly on the Cairo external movement.
Thus, Egypt's retreat from its Arab and regional role is in the interest of many countries, including some Arab countries such as Qatar, which strongly supports the Muslim Brotherhood, a terrorist organization that seeks to change the regime.
What role does Egypt, along with Saudi Arabia and the UAE, play in confronting the Muslim Brotherhood project, behind them Turkey and Qatar in the region?
Egypt pursued a multi-pronged policy, especially with regard to the Arab world, and formed an alliance with Saudi Arabia and the UAE to prevent the Brotherhood's activity, both within their countries and in all the region, which led to the decline of this group as well as the future of its existence.
* Egypt is the headquarters of the Arab League and al-Azhar. How can Egypt play a role in guiding the university and al-Azhar to confront the Turkish occupation plans in Syria and Libya? What is required of the Arabs?
I think that Egypt has many aspects of soft and solid power that can face the Turkish role and its interventions in the region, Nevertheless, Arab countries need to develop a unified Arab strategy that transcends Qatari interests in the interest of Arab national security in order to play this role fully.