The mandate of the UN Security Council to deliver aid across the border expires on July 10, after nearly a year of its renewal, and with a lot of noise and expectations that Russia will stop this mechanism and restrict it through the Damascus government, the international community ignores the need of other regions for aid , especially the regions of northern and eastern Syria inhabited by more than 5 million Syrians, who have been deprived of this aid since 2021.
Aid and political interests
In 2014, the UN Security Council allowed the delivery of aid to Syria across the borders with Iraq, Jordan and Turkey to reach areas outside the control of the Damascus government, through 4 border crossings without government approval, and this mechanism continued until 2020.
Under Russian and Chinese pressures, the delivery of aid was limited to only one crossing in 2022, which is the Bab al-Hawa crossing in the Idlib region, which is controlled by Hay’at Tahrir al-Sham (Al-Nusra Front), which is classified on the terrorist lists of Western countries, and was established in Syria on the basis of one of the branches of the terrorist organization al-Qaeda.
Since then, the Tel Koçber/Al Yaroubiya crossing, which connects the Autonomous Administration areas in northern and eastern Syria to Iraq, has been closed, and UN aid has been reaching millions of people living in the area through it.
The delivery of aid to the Idlib region continued, and the exceptional mandate granted by the Security Council last year is scheduled to expire at the beginning of July, while Russia threatens once again to end the mechanism.
The Russian side insists on the delivery of all aid to the Syrian areas outside the control of the Damascus government through the lines, not across the borders, in order to be used for political purposes, according to observers of the case.
Depriving NES of Aid Undermines Efforts to End Terrorism
There is no doubt that depriving the regions that is run by the Autonomous Administration of UN aid negatively affected the mainly difficult humanitarian situation in the region, with a large population ratio in addition to a huge number of displaced people from various Syrian regions, but the most serious issue is the file of fighting terrorism.
The regions have been waging a war against ISIS mercenaries for years. The Syrian Democratic Forces ended their effective control of the land in March 2019 in Baghouz in the Deir ez-Zor countryside, but the activity of ISIS sleeper cells is still strongly present and threatens the stability of the region and Syria in general.
According to many opinions, the efforts to eliminate any terrorist group are not limited to military and security efforts only, but the process requires the creation of an appropriate atmosphere such as political stability and economic development to remove the specter of extremist ideology from the minds of the population.
In this context, a member of the Presidency of the Syrian Democratic Council and its representative in Washington, Bassam Saqr, says: "First, historically, sanctions did not overthrow regimes, but rather peoples regretted it."
In an interview with our agency, Bassam Saqr added, "The sanctions affect the economic situation, and thus it becomes easy for ISIS to recruit young people who are in financial need. Destitution and poverty negatively affect the increase in extremism and increase hatred for those who impose sanctions on the people, and this is what helps the takfiri and terrorist organizations." to take advantage of that."
Saqr believes that "all the Syrian regions on which the sanctions have been imposed are not fair, and as I indicated, they target peoples, not regimes, and the strange thing is that the regions which defeated terrorism represented by ISIS and its sisters, in cooperation with the international coalition led by America, and the lack of American pressure to open the Yarubiyah crossing, but only a crossing Bab al-Hawa, and the absence of any American political support inevitably leads to the ease of the return of ISIS, instability in the region, and the final elimination of ISIS.”
ISIS takes advantage of the absence of a political solution and the Turkish threats
The last days of July 2022 witnessed a noticeable increase in the activity of ISIS, which had already begun to move according to what it called the "revenge battle of the two sheikhs", coinciding with Turkey launching new threats to occupy areas of northern and eastern Syria.
This was preceded by a major attack launched by ISIS on Al-Sina’a prison in the city of Al-Hasakah at the beginning of this year, which demonstrated the strength that ISIS still enjoys, and its ability to return again with the availability of favorable conditions.
The representative of the Syrian Democratic Council in Washington, Bassam Saqr, confirms that "the Turkish continuous threats to invade the region also affect the maintenance of stability and the return of ISIS."
The Syrian politician stresses the importance of maintaining stability and sustainable development in terms of securing job opportunities for all, economic advancement, reconstruction, and the start of the real political process, so that there is representation for all Syrian components without any exception to root out the ISIS ideology.
Bassam Saqr explains that "the Autonomous Administration, SDF and SDF are outside the political process, and this in turn means that all Syrian components are not represented."