Today marks the second anniversary of the elimination of ISIS/Daesh last's foothold by SDF in NE, Syria geographically.
On March 23, 2019, the Syrian Democratic Forces, in cooperation with the International Coalition against ISIS, declared their military victory over ISIS in its last stronghold in the town of al-Baghouz, east of Deir-ez-Zor, north and east Syria, during an official military ceremony in al-Omar oil field, northeast of the Syrian city of Deir-ez-Zor. In it, senior leaders of the SDF, officials of the International Coalition, representatives of the Autonomous Administration of North and East Syria, political parties, and notables of the region had participated.
Despite defeating in the Deash's last foothold in NE, Syria, but its danger still exists, threating all over the world, it is clear by its movements in the country, exploiting the international conflict on the Syrian arena.
'Absence of an international strategy to eradicate ISIS in full
Munir Adeeb, a researcher on extremist movements and international terrorism, confirms in a statement to ANHA agency that ISIS "still exists through its ideology first and its sleeper and active cells recently, secondly, despite its loss of all the areas that have been under its control since July 2014."
In an assessment of the danger of ISIS in NE, Syria two years after it lost its last strongholds, Adeeb added: “In his memory, there are still great challenges to fight this extremist organization and confront it. ISIS exists through its ideology and cells, not only in northern and eastern Syria and Iraq, but even in many from Arab and European capitals as well, and this represents a great threat to the world, and a great challenge to eliminate it. "
ISIS left behind extremist ideas, through an ideology that was entrenched in the minds of children, women, and militants who are still deployed in many countries, especially Syria, and the cells and thousands of extremists detained by the Syrian Democratic Forces in Syria, and thousands of families detained in the camps of northern and eastern Syria, al-Hol and Roj.
As for the reasons for the inability to eliminate ISIS in northern and eastern Syria in particular, and in Syria and Iraq in general, Adeeb said, "There are several reasons that led to the survival of ISIS during this period, which is that the international community did not develop a general strategic vision to confront the organization on the ground and confront its ideas."
The world was busy fighting ISIS, but Turkey was sheltering and supporting them ′
He added, "While countries were busy fighting the organization, some countries were sheltering and supporting the organization and its leaders, and here I mean Turkey and some neighboring countries in the region."
The Kurds played a major role in confronting ISIS ′
He added, "There is still a real problem as well, which is the absence of a serious Arab or international project to confront terrorism and extremist organizations. The Kurds have played a major role in confronting ISIS extremist organization, and despite the organization's collapse geographically, it still exists and has great risks." In detention and camps."
ISIS is returning with other names supported by Turkey ′
The researcher and political analyst at the Middle East Forum in London, Ahmed Atta, agrees with his predecessor, that ISIS is still a threat, despite the elimination of its last strongholds in that region, confirming its return with other names and forms supported by Turkey.
He said in a statement to ANHA agency, "If the organization has retreated geographically after its loss in the Levant and Iraq, it still exists within the framework of what are known as united front that rely on armed foundations are driven by intelligence services, most notably the Turkish intelligence, which is still using the organization as a pressure card over periods of time.
Turkey's gangs those who fight SDF, they are the same Daesh
He noted that the Turkish mercenaries who are fighting the Syrian Democratic Forces in northern and eastern Syria, whom are the same ISIS mercenaries, by other names, and said: “Suleiman Shah, Sultan Murad, Sokoor al-Shamal and Hurras al-Din have all participated in ISIS since its rise in 2014.”
The SDF is holding 19 thousand mercenaries from ISIS, among Syrians, Iraqis and foreigners from 55 foreign countries, according to the latest statement of the prison official of the Syrian Democratic Forces to ANHA agency.
In addition, camps in the Autonomous Administration of Northern and Eastern Syria are holding 19,225 families from ISIS families, whose nationalities belong to 53 Arab, Asian and Western countries.
Since the announcement of the defeat of ISIS, the operations of the Syrian Democratic Forces, along with the International Coalition, have not stopped in combating its cells deployed in the region, in order to prevent it from gathering its forces and launching attacks in the region.
SDF, which is being bombed by Turkey, cannot fight ISIS alone ′
Adeeb noted that the security operations carried out by the Syrian Democratic Forces to fight ISIS are insufficient, and said, “These persecuted forces that are bombed by some neighboring countries such as Turkey cannot confront this extremist organization that has extensions in more than one country and receives support from several countries."
He added, "The SDF itself faces many difficulties related to expressing its identity, its occupied lands, or its exposure to attacks from time to time from Turkey, and it will not be able on its own to confront this extremist organization, knowing that it is fighting it and is really doing it on the ground, despite from all that it is exposed to. "
Adeeb pointed out that Turkey is seeking, through its attacks on northern and eastern Syria, to support ISIS, and said, "Turkey wants to provide sponsorship for this extremist organization and provide private custody for it, and the international community must intervene and provide greater support for those facing this extremist organization, and at the same time for the sake of confronting what is facing those who stand up to this extremist organization. "
The international community has not taken the side of the people in North, East and Syria who are facing terrorism on behalf of the world
Adeeb attributes the challenges facing ISIS in northern and eastern Syria to the failure of the international community to support northern and eastern Syria, saying, "The international community did not stand by the people in northern and eastern Syria, at a time when the people are facing terrorism on behalf of the world."
He added, "Also, there are still great challenges facing those who face terrorism, especially what we are witnessing from Turkey in supporting ISIS in various ways, and its fight against those facing this extremist organization, through the strikes that it directs to the Kurds from time to time and its occupation of its regions."
Adeeb indicated that there are other challenges that are related to the need to draw policies that would eliminate this extremist organization and support everyone who wants to confront it in a big way.
He added: "The Kurds have the right to self-determination, express themselves and manage themselves, in light of the existence of common lists for them with the Arabs, and together they were an important element in confronting this extremist organization, to be more effective in fighting it."
To enable the fight against ISIS and its elimination, Adeeb touched on the methods of combating, saying, "This confrontation must be divided into two parts, the first is a security confrontation based on dismantling the organization and a military confrontation based on an attempt to obtain intelligence information that ultimately leads to the dismantling of the organization."
"And the second part must be an intellectual confrontation to eliminate the ideas that ultimately lead to supporting this organization or to recruiting new individuals and followers, and this intellectual confrontation is very important, especially since there are ideas calling for hatred and violence, as these ideas are reinforced from time to time," he added.
He stressed that the intellectual confrontation has many forms and is the most important, and said, "It could be through culture, or through art and emotion to eliminate extremism and ideas calling for hatred in general, or it could be through the renewal of religious thought."
He added, "Especially since these extremists wrongly understood Islam, and translated the wrong understanding of practices that do not have any connection to the true religion. Therefore, it is very important to correct and renew the religious thought or the religious discourse adopted by these people."