The nation-state is not, as it is promoted, the basic form of democracy, freedom and human rights. On the contrary, it is a system of denying societal values, as it is impossible for society to open up to capitalist exploitation without this exploitation being able to build itself on the dictatorship established in the form of a nation-state.
The nation-state that imposes linguistic and cultural homogeneity on peoples of different languages and cultures who live side by side in the same nation, transforms the homeland into a large prison and an aggravated place of detention, and schools, universities and religious centers transform into the production of citizens that correspond to the goals of the ruling regimes, and impose slavery on women in their most severe cases turning it into a sexual object. Accordingly, the nation-state is the pattern that represents the most powerful form that tracks fascism.
In this context, Syrian politician Samir Azzam says: “The central "national” state has proven its inability to solve basic issues in any country, the most important of which is citizenship. A nation cannot be built without full equality between its citizens socially, economically and politically, regardless of race, religion and sect.
He emphasized that the nation-state was unable to bring about balanced and sustainable economic development between regions, so it restricted development to the two centers, "Damascus and Aleppo", and transformed the rest of the regions into a market for raw materials at low prices, a source of low-wage labor, and a market for the products of the two centers at international prices, and this regional distinction led to the emergence of a weak and distorted economy 5% of the Syrians accounted for 95% of the economy and wealth without any right and without competition, which led to the emergence of the central nation-state in 2011.
Due to the external interference, the Syrian revolution in 2011 has deviated on its tracks to the militarization, the model of the administration system- the nation-state that calls for one flag, one language, one nationalism, and even one religion - is unable to achieve freedom for the Syrian people who went out into The squares are demanding freedom, democracy and human rights
The groups that called themselves the opposition during the Syrian crisis did not come up with a new system that fulfills the aspirations of the Syrian people for freedom and democracy. Rather, they wanted to change the ruling system, and to take over the nation-state system, and that is why the Syrian people have suffered and continue to this day.
Azzam asserts that “the regime did not present a project to solve the Syrian crisis, and the Islamist factions and their representatives in the Istanbul coalition did not present a project to solve the crisis. These two parties, throughout the nine years of the war, were fighting each other and each was strengthened by foreign military intervention to exclude the other and to monopolize the national power and wealth that resulted from They are fighting the destruction of half of Syria, and the displacement and exodus of half of the Syrians, and the two teams have turned into mercenaries for the countries that called them to intervene.
However, in northern and eastern Syria, a new form of administration developed, based on a set of new foundations and principles that allow all components, regardless of their different languages, cultures, and religions to participate together in the administration, and in this context, the Democratic Autonomous Administration of Al-Jazeera canton was the first Autonomous Administration declared in the 21 of January 2014, followed by autonomous and civilian administrations in other regions of north and east Syria.
What has this administration achieved for the people of the region?
The declared Autonomous Administration in Al- Jazeera region formed the basic building block for the Autonomous Administration of Northern and Eastern Syria in the current stage, which was able to preserve its regions and not slide into the civil and sectarian war that the rest of the Syrian regions are witnessing, despite all the attempts to thwart this project and the economic, political and diplomatic blockade imposed on it, and what It was attacked by the Turkish occupation.
In this context, the co-chair of the Legislative Council in the Democratic Civil Administration in Manbij, Mohammad Ali al-Abo, says: “The admiration of the people of Manbij about the experience of the Autonomous Administration and the run the components themselves by themselves, and the participation of the people in the administration, prompted to become model that was formed in Rojava, so the Civil Administration in Manbij adopted the same approach in Manbij city."
He added: "This experience was new for the people of the city of Manbij, but the attraction to the new idea is the most successful of the Civil Administration in Manbij, because this system helps to overcome the mistakes that the administration faces, and we hope that this experience will be generalized in all of Syria, because it is the best and appropriate solution for the return of harmony between all sects of the Syrian people. "
For her part, Fawza Youssef, a member of the Joint Presidency of the Democratic Union Party (PYD), said: “During the past 7 years, the Autonomous Administration has managed, despite all the crises, to run the region and achieve positive results at various levels.”
She added: "The Autonomous Administration has taken several positive steps, as it enabled the co-existence of the components of the region, broke the male mentality, and created a co-presidency system, which is an important step in the revolution that began, as well as the representation of all components in the administration of the region, which is the first revolutionary step of Its kind in the country represented by all peoples, with different identities, expressing themselves, organizing themselves and having a role. "
She indicated that all the gains achieved by the Autonomous Administration are gains for all peoples and coexisting components in the region, and she said: “Autonomous administration in the past 7 years has been a successful administration in managing the crisis and a successful management to establish stability and civil peace among the components.”
She explained that what the Autonomous Administration has achieved has made this experience a successful model for finding solutions to all problems of the components that live in the region.
Exclusion the administration
Fawza Youssef explained that the lack of representation of the Autonomous Administration in Geneva and Astana is the result of policies targeting the will of the peoples of the region, and stressed that it is a deliberate policy. She called on all political parties to struggle and work together to make the Autonomous Administration speak for the region in all forums, because it “represents” the will of the peoples of the region.
Despite its collision with the interests of the forces interfering in the Syrian crisis and the attacks against this administration, it is still continuing its democratic project to solve the Syrian crisis, through its political umbrella, the Syrian Democratic Council.
The Syrian Democratic Council is one of the actors in the Syrian geography, and it represents many of the nationalities, religions and spectrums of society, civil society institutions, political parties and groupings, and was established at a sensitive stage in the life of the Syrian crisis on December 9, 2015.
Hope of the Syrians
The experience of the Autonomous Administration was met with approval by the Syrians for the solutions it holds to their issues, especially after SDC completed its project to gather the largest possible number of opposition sects, through the many meetings and seminars and conferences that held at the Syrian level under the title "Syrian-Syrian dialogue."
The reputation of the Autonomous Administration became known to the Syrian opposition abroad, when SDC adopted this experiment was presented to the parties of the external opposition, through a round of meetings and consultative meetings abroad, after the Syrian-Syrian dialogue meetings at home.
The correct explanation of the concept of Autonomous Administration prompted many forces, political parties, academic figures, and civil society activists to support this experience and consider it a model for the future Syria.
In this context, the opposition president of the Syrian National Assembly, Mohammad Bermo, says: "The Autonomous Administration project constitutes hope for all Syrians, and it is a creative project that is built upon as the nucleus of the Third Syrian Republic.
He added: "The model is an example to be adopted, in the absence of any model among the Syrian opposition and the crisis that Syria is witnessing at various political, military and social levels, and it is a good experience and has become experienced and matured, so it must be built upon, and the idea of blowing up this experience must be canceled."
The head of the opposition Syrian National Assembly, Mohammad Bermo, advised the opposition political parties and the Damascus government to work on this experiment and develop it, and not to start from scratch.
Meanwhile, Syrian politician Samir Azzam believes that the central state is an outdated pattern that dates back to the Middle Ages, and that is no longer suitable for our time. He added: “It must be noted that all prosperous civilized countries and the countries that are on the path to urbanization are decentralized and all countries that have been subjected to wars. Internal wars have not stopped, and they will not find a solution to their crises except through a decentralized state. "
Azzam pointed to the state of fragmentation among the Syrians, which was produced by the central nation state and increased by the crisis and war fragmentation, and said: “The Syrian decentralization and democratic republic’s project remains the only one that can maintain a united Syria in its land and people, as well as the only one that can achieve equality between Syrians socially, economically and politically and bring about balanced sustainable development among all the regions."
'Conference on Management Development'
In order to enable and develop this model, and to avoid the mistakes that the Autonomous Administration encountered during the past years of its work, its political umbrella SDC held 13 dialogue seminars in northern and eastern Syria, which ended with the holding of the "National Conference for the People of Al-Jazeera and the Euphrates", in which more than 300 party and political personalities participated. Independent institutions, representatives of civil society institutions, and resulted in 17 items of recommendations and decisions to develop the Autonomous Administration.
The recommendations focused on how to develop institutional work, develop economic projects in line with the crises the region is witnessing under the blockade, and focus by all means on strengthening protection and its military institutions, to preserve the gains achieved, avoid errors and shortcomings, tighten monitoring and follow-up, fight corruption, and hold democratic elections.
'Attack on the project'
The democratic project developed by the Autonomous Administration, which became a model for the democratization of Syria, emptied the projects and plans of external forces to divide Syria, and forced the Syrian government to change its exclusionary mentality, by educating the people about their legitimate rights.
Therefore, this project has become vulnerable to attacks from inside Syria, and regional powers, especially Turkey, as Russia allied with Turkey and gave it the green light to occupy Afrin in March 2018, and the alliances continued with America's collusion with Turkey and opened the way for it to occupy Serêkaniyê and Tal Abyad / Girê Spi in October. The first year 2019.
Now the Russian cooperation continues with Turkey in order to open the way for it to occupy Ain Issa or to benefit from it in returning it to the control of the Damascus government.
The truth is that these attacks on the Autonomous Administration areas are more than just military attacks, because the project that is developing in this region exposes the practices of the nation-state and authoritarian regimes, and defines society with democracy and how to live together without excluding anyone.
'We have to be prepared for all eventualities and support the administration.'
Fawza Youssef says about the future of the Autonomous Administration regions: “The battles in Syria have not ended, and the crisis has not ended yet, Syria is still the center of the global war, and we will not be able to remove the threats that we are exposed to until after the region is represented in the constitution of the future Syria, and the rights of the Autonomous Administration are guaranteed ".
She added: "Therefore, without a doubt, we must rely on our own strength, the strength of the components, and prepare ourselves for all possibilities and attacks, whether military, economic or political, and to stand as political and societal movements with the Autonomous Administration, and to support them to stand in the face of these threats."