Al-Bayan: The return of Russian-Iranian rivalry in Syria
The Arab newspapers issued this morning dealt with several issues in the Syrian issue, the most prominent of which was the Russian-Iranian rivalry. In this context, Al-Bayan newspaper said, "During the current month, two changes occurred in the Iranian presence in Syria, in light of the increasing talk about the decline of this influence, while others considered it merely repositioning in Syria, after successive strikes on the headquarters of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard and loyal militias.
Observers confirm that the return of the Russian-Iranian rivalry in Syria is part of Iran's sense of the danger of staying in Syria according to the previous perception, hence the Iranian repositioning in Syria from the east to the south of the country.
The first development is what happened in Albukamal last week, as some Syrian local militias were dismantled in Albukamal and directed to send these militias to the Syrian Badia, where Iran suffers from weak security forces in these vital areas, as it is on the Iraq-Syria line and is close to al-Tanf crossing also near American military base.
As for the second development, according to what activists reported from the renewal of the Iranian-Russian conflict in Daraa in the south of the country, as Omar al-Hariri affirmed that the Iranian-Russian competition for Daraa has become clear, especially after the recent security events, targeting the headquarters of the Syrian state and targeting the security leaders. He added that the presence of some pro-Iranian militias in Daraa increased tension, as it is implementing an Iranian agenda and seeking to create chaos and not give the Russians a factor of stability in those areas, in turn observers deny Iran’s intention to withdraw from Syria, while pointing to a repositioning to stop the daily bleeding of its elements in the Syrian east.
Al-Arab: Turkey is rushing to reap the fruits of its intervention in Libya
Regarding the Libyan issue, Al-Arab newspaper said, "Turkey rushed to invest the agreement signed with Prime Minister, GNA, Fayez al-Sarraj last November, which stipulates the establishment of an exclusive economic zone from the southern Turkish coast on the Mediterranean to the coasts of northeastern Libya, to put its hand on the natural resources of Libya, and to enter them in Tension with its regional surroundings.
And the Turkish Petroleum Company "Tabao" submitted a request to al-Sarraj government in the Libyan capital, Tripoli, to obtain permission to prospect for oil in the eastern Mediterranean.
Followers of the Libyan case believe that the agreement legislates to divide Libya, and mortgages part of its lands to Turkey, which does not cease to be militarily involved in more than one front.
"The Turkish request to explore for Libyan oil is the real motive for signing the illegal agreement between Turkey and al-Sarraj government," said Libyan member of Parliament, Saeed Imgheeb.
He pointed out that the request "clarifies the reality of the Turkish ambitions in Libya, the nature of Turkish intervention, and provoking sedition and fueling the war in the country."
Observers believe that the Turkish endeavors put al-Sarraj in a critical position in terms of that he could not refuse to allow Ankara to explore for oil off the coast of Libya, which supports him militarily and logistically, but he risks antagonizing European and regional countries that provide him with the "cover of legitimacy" that he boasts.
This step would stoke tensions in the region, where a dispute has been raging for years between Turkey, Greece and Cyprus, as well as other regional powers over ownership of natural resources in the eastern Mediterranean.
Observers unanimously agree that accord government has entered itself into a regional and international struggle to serve Erdogan's expansionist goals, either against Greece and Cyprus, which are under the banner of the European Union, or against Egypt, which is being neglected by the Presidential Council in Tripoli, and the government of the Turkish Justice and Development Party because of its positions on the forces of political Islam and the militias controlling in Tripoli.
Al-Sharq al-Awsat: The Pentagon: ISIS still maintains dangerous capabilities to launch terrorist operations
Regarding the return of ISIS mercenary activity, Al-Sharq al-Awsat newspaper said, "The Inspector General of the Government of the United States of America (the Pentagon) Sean O'Donell, submitted a report to the leaders of the armed forces committees in the House and Senate in Congress, in which he revealed that" ISIS "still maintains dangerous capabilities to launching terrorist operations and armed attacks, which fall within the framework of a "small rebellion movement", in both Syria and Iraq.
O'Donnell said that the areas most threatened by the organization are distributed in the deserted mountainous provinces in north and west of Baghdad, and in the areas of al-Raqqa, al-Hasakah and Deir-ez-Zor in Syria.
The 130-page report confirms that there are between 14,000 and 18,000 ISIS fighters, retaining influence and capabilities that pose a real threat and danger, and that they can turn into a Sunni insurgency movement similar to that witnessed in Iraq during the period in which the terrorist of Jordanian origin was active. Abu Musab Al-Zarqawi, who was killed in 2006.
The Pentagon Inspector General's report revealed that for the first time since the end of the battles against the organization and the liquidation of its leader, Abu Bakr Al-Baghdadi, last October, it turns out that the remaining fighters keep hundreds of millions of dollars, some of them hidden, while others come from Multiple support cells and international groups; However, the report stresses, however, that keeping the organization human and financial capabilities will not allow it to return to its influence, as it did before 2014; When he took control of large parts of Iraq and Syria.
The American report stated that the information of the Military Intelligence Agency (DIA) and the American Central Region Command (Santcom) confirm that the threat posed by the organization in Iraq does not give it the capabilities to launch major terrorist acts, and this has already appeared since the beginning of this year; As the number of his attacks decreased by about 37 percent.
On the situation in Syria, the report says that the situation is completely different; Where he considered that the mission of the American and International Coalition forces to fight ISIS in the east of the country faces serious dangers, due to the presence of tens of thousands of prisoners and detainees in prisons supervised by the "Syrian Democratic Forces". He added that keeping these prisoners in those prisons without a clear international plan for their transfer and trial could turn them into a time bomb.