Al-Kadhimi government's gain of parliamentary confidence has not diminished the extent of the deep differences among the parties that form the government in Iraq for 16 years ago.
Unlike his predecessors Mohammed Tawfiq Allawi and Adnan Al-Zarfi, who failed to form the Iraqi government, Al-Kadhimi enjoys the support of Sunni and Kurdish parties and a number of Shiite parties, as well as Arab and Western support.
Of the 329 deputies, 255 attended the session, in which 15 ministers in a 22-member government were given confidence, and a vote on the oil and foreign ministries was postponed.
Al-Kadhimi will succeed the government of Adel Abdel Mahdi, who resigned in early December 2019 under pressure from popular protests demanding the departure and accountability of the political class accused of corruption and waste of state funds.
The new Iraqi government, received unprecedented support both internally and externally, as well as a regional and international welcome immediately after it was given the confidence of parliament.
"Despite the disagreement, the interest of everyone lies in supporting Al-Kadhimi"
About the possibility of this government's success, the Iraqi political analyst Alaa al-Khatib told Hawar news agency that "the possibility of any government success depends on its harmonious team first and on the support of blocs and parties. Mr. Al-Kadhimi is known for not having a parliamentary bloc."
"But all bloc's interest lies in its success because the country is going through exceptional circumstances that need exceptional work and concessions by the parties for the benefit of the country in the light of a deteriorating economy due to low oil prices, the pandemic out worldwide, and the economic stagnation promised by the World Bank in addition to the demands of the street and the demonstrators are all factors that require the support of the government and its success," he added.
"Mr. Al-Kadhimi's government must accomplish some tasks"
He must carry out some tasks such as elections, election law and party law, the pursuit of the killers of demonstrators, limiting the weapons in the hands of the state, reforming the economic situation, building relations with neighboring countries and the world to ensure the sovereignty of Iraq. All require serious reflection and a clear plan for real reform," he said.
"The dispute over the foreign and oil ministries will not last long"
"I think it will not be long as there are agreements among the blocs in passing the government. There will be no disagreement on the names, nor on the origin of the ministry, namely the foreign ministry for Kurds and Shiites oil ministry or vice versa. the Kurds have a lot of political flexibility. They are able to absorb and resolve the crisis," khatib said.
"This democracy preserves the rights of the blocs. Therefore the blocs that are not convinced of Al-Kadhimi can play a role in the parliament and change the direction of the government for the next elections," he said.
"I don't think they can do anything as long as Mr. Al-Kadhimi's government wins confidence, but what are the reasons for not voting? I think some of the blocs did not accept some ministers that they do not trust. There are also some objections to the way Al-Kadhimi dealt with these parties, but as a result everyone accepted Al-Kadhimi as prime minister," he said.
"The U.S. role in this government has become stronger at Iran's expense"
"In fact, the international role was not far from the formation of the government, there were clear signals from the U.S. states, as well as Iran from the delegation that arrived in Baghdad, met with Mr. Al-Kadhimi, and explained to him Iran's vision, as well as the message of support sent by the U.S. Embassy to the new prime minister," he said.
"I believe that the U.S. role has become stronger in this government in comparison with Iran's role because of the internal situation in Iran, and the post-Soleimani era which is very different," al-Khatib concluded.
( A )