Since the beginning of its occupation by Turkey and its mercenaries, the city of Serêkaniyê has been exposed to a systematic, open and systematic policy of Turkification, with the start of brutal attacks, hundreds of people have been killed, thousands of them were forced to flee their homes, And the brutality of the Turkish occupation did not stop there. Rather, it began a process of demographic change in the cities of Serêkaniyê/ Ras-al-Ain and Tel-Abyed / Girê Spî as it did in Afrin previously.
The history of Serêkaniyê
Serêkaniyê is considered the cradle of the birth and the emergence of many human civilizations throughout history, and the capital of the Metamien who date back more than 12 thousand years.
The city was divided between the Turkish and Syrian states according to the Lausanne Agreement, the section that was attached to Syria called Serêkaniyê or Ras al-Ain, the section annexed to Turkey called Gilan Binnar, and Ras al-Ain is affiliated to the canton of Hasakah in Al-Jazeera region, and seven towns belong to it which are each of Mabrouka, Tel Halaf, Medan, al-Manajir al-Safa and Alouk, and the Serêkaniyê area is distinguished by the presence of the historic site of Tel Halaf, which is considered the cradle of human civilization, and it is considered one of the most rich regions of Kurdistan with water reserves.
From the geographical point of view, Serêkaniyê is located on the northern border of Syria with north Kurdistan, and there are 360 streams of springs, originating in north Kurdistan, but with the beginning of the revolution the sources and water sources were cut off by the Turkish occupation state from Ras al-Ain, and thus the drains of the springs dried up.
An important historical place
During the Aramaic era, the city of Ras-al-Ain/ Serêkaniyê was known as 'Carrara', while in the Assyrian era it was known as 'Kozana' and in the Roman era it was called " Rash Aino, Ain al-Ward.".
Ras-al-Ain/ Serêkaniyê had an important place during the period of the Abbasid state, as it was an important commercial center and a meeting place for trade caravan routes, this site that witnessed the birth of the first human civilizations also witnessed many wars, as it was a battlefield during the periods of Assyrian and Roman rule, and Persian, Babylonian, Akkadian and Sumerian, In addition to the periods of Ottoman and British and French colonial rule, and ruled by many kings, princes, sheikhs, caliphs and lords, they set up their tents and raised their flags.
Ras-al-Ain is considered as a point of contact between the regions of the island and the Euphrates, in which Kurds, Arabs, Chechens, Turkmen, Syriacs, Armenians and Yazidis live. Its population depends on agriculture and trade for their lives.
On November 12, 2012, Ras-al-Ain/ Serêkaniyê was attacked by the Turkish state.
The first attack against Rasl-al-Ain, victory over mercenaries, and co-existence
During the first attack on Ras al-Ain in November 2012, the YPG fighters confronted mercenary groups at the time, such as Jabhat al-Nusra, Ahrar al-Sham, Sultan Murad, and other mercenaries.
During the attack, the mercenaries practiced brutal and inhuman violations against the people, but they were able with the fighters in the end to liberate Ras-al-Ain/ Serêkaniyê, After the liberation, the People's Assembly was established, and with the founding of Democratic Autonomous Administration DAA, the concept of a democratic nation was established in the region, and in 2014 a phase began The establishment of communes, where 128 communes and 7 popular councils were established in the countryside of Ras-al-Ain As for the city, 65 communes and councils were established. In the region of Zarkan, 86 communes and one council were established.
With the announcement of the establishment of AA, each component began to study its mother tongue, and 22 schools in addition to 130 schools in its countryside were opened in Rasl-al-Ain.
Attacks, massacres and Dignity Resistance
The ancient city, known for its richness and cultural pluralism, its geographical nature and its own identity, was attacked on the 9th of October 2019 by the Turkish state and its mercenaries on the pretext of establishing a "safe zone".
The Turkish occupation army used all kinds of heavy weapons, warplanes, and military techniques to occupy the city, and the city was subjected to brutal shelling, and during the attack, the occupation forces committed massacres against the civilian population, through air strikes, shelling with heavy weapons, and the use of internationally prohibited chemical weapons.
The first attack targeted the school of the martyr Ronahi, where the school was bombed, and during the attack, the people of Ras-al-Ain village stood beside the SDF fighters in response to the attack. And Ras-al-Ain resistance extended to all cities, districts, villages, and towns of NE, Syria.
The occupation targets the convoy of civilians
During the period of the Turkish occupation’s attacks on Ras al-Ain and its countryside, many civilians were injured, and due to the siege imposed on it by the occupation, many wounded people remained trapped in the city’s hospital. On October 13, in order to get the wounded out of the siege, a convoy of civilians from various regions of Ras-al-Ain headed to the city, but it was bombed by the Turkish occupation state.
During the second convoy heading to Ras al-Ain, which included many civilians and journalists, it was bombed by warplanes, and the shelling resulted in the death of 11 civilians, including ANHA's correspondent Saad Ahmed, and a satellite TV correspondent, ÇIRA TV, Mohammed Hassan Rusho, in addition to injuring 74 civilians, including 3 Journalists, civilians who were seeking to remove their relatives from the city were subjected to mortar shelling.
During the violent and brutal attacks, the Turkish occupation used internationally prohibited weapons from white phosphorous bombs, which resulted in the injury of the child Muhammad Hamid, 13, as the Kurdish Red Crescent declared that the child Muhammad was wounded by a phosphorous bomb.
The Turkish occupation and its mercenaries bombed a secret city of Ras al-Ain for 11 days, using artillery, tanks and warplanes.
352 civilians had been killed in the attacks
Despite being bombed by the Turkish occupation, a convoy of civilians from Al-Jazeera region went again to the city to save the wounded and injured from the siege. The evacuation of the bodies of 4 martyrs and 30 wounded from the hospital.
The Turkish state that used in its attack various types of sophisticated and heavy weapons, and after committing war crimes against humanity, was able on October 17 to occupy the city of Surya Kanye. According to the Kurdish Red Crescent, the attacks of the Turkish occupation and its mercenaries on the city of Ras al-Ain resulted in the loss of 352 civilians.
Violations, displacement and demographic change
The Turkish occupation's attack on Ras-al-Ain, resulted in the displacement of more than 50 thousand people, and their stay in schools in various regions and cities in NE, Syria, until the Autonomous Administration set up a camp for the displaced in Washo Kani in the area between the cities of Tel Tamr and al-Hasakah.
Around 4 thousand displaced people currently reside in the camp, and their numbers increase day after day, as well as about 4,200 families reside in a number of villages and schools in the Tal Tamer district. With regard to assistance to the displaced, it is the democratic self-administration that guarantees the task of assisting the displaced, amid the negligence of international organizations.
Later, the Turkish occupation brought mercenary families from Idlib, Ghouta, Homs, and their inhabitants to Muhammed and al-Abra neighborhoods in Ras al-Ain According to the source of ANHA's agency, 1,500 families of mercenaries Sultan Murad and Liwa al-Sham were brought from the city of Gilan Binnar, and had been resettled in Ras al-Ain. Where these families were settled in the neighborhoods of al-Kharabat and al-Hawarneh.
Later, the Turkish occupation brought mercenary families from Idlib, Ghouta, Homs, And the process of resettling the families of mercenaries of the Turkish state continues in the city of Ras-al-Ain, and day after day the demographics of the city are changing, as the Kurdish names are changed, the Turkish language is imposed on the people of the city, and the Kurdish language is banned, in addition to changing the names of schools and hospitals.
Schools have been changed to military headquarters
The attacks and ground and air bombing operations by the Turkish occupation state resulted in the destruction of 24 schools in Ras-al-Ain, and Sultan Murad's mercenaries converted 3 schools into military headquarters for their elements, while 23,140 students were deprived of studying, while the school curricula are Turkish and Arab curricula, as well as the Turkish state mercenaries attack the people who want to return to their homes.
The goal is to expand the occupied territories
On the pretext of establishing a safe zone, the Turkish state and its mercenaries have occupied the most secure and stable places, while constantly seeking to occupy more areas, as they continue their attacks against the cities of Ain Issa, and Tal Tamr with heavy weapons and drones.
The bombing operations target the homes and civilians 'properties, while the people of cities and regions in NE, Syria continue to resist, and to address the attacks of the Turkish occupation in order to remove the occupation from their lands.