Extremist armed groups and their influence in regional environment, global affairs

Over the past decades, extremist armed groups have shown increasing interest from centers concerned with global public affairs, due to the danger these groups pose to countries and peoples. Rather, they have worked to demolish entire countries and spread chaos within them, and have contributed to influencing their regional surroundings and global affairs. What is the reason for their emergence? What is its impact on international peace and security?

Extremist armed groups and their influence in regional environment, global affairs
2 November 2023   04:13
BERUIT
ZIYAD ABO GHAZALA

The roots of extremist movements go back to the late 1970s, originating in Egypt, when extremist groups were formed that aimed to impose an “Islamic government” system.

From there, the idea of jihad began, which revolved around fighting the internal and external enemy, that is, fighting the ruling regimes in Muslim-majority countries and the global powers supporting them.

The Muslim Brotherhood, which was founded by Hassan al-Banna in 1928, is considered one of the oldest and largest Islamic organizations in Egypt, and it had a great influence on Islamic movements in the world. But what are the reasons for the emergence of these organizations? What is its impact on international peace and security?

In this regard, the researcher in the affairs of extremist movements and international terrorism, Mounir Adeeb, confirms that “there are many reasons that led to the emergence of extremist armed groups, some of which may be related to the weakness of patriotism, meaning the absence of a strong state on the political or security level, among these groups. Religious groups that fell out of power, whether in Syria or Cairo...”

Adeeb added to ANHA agency, “There are other reasons related to her understanding of religion, and therefore this narrow understanding pushes her to fight the political regimes that she describes as a group of tyrants and apostates, and thus she goes out to fight them.”

He continued by saying: “There is another reason that led to the emergence of some organizations that imagined or believed that with the collapse of the Ottoman Empire or the last Ottoman caliphate, it became important to have a group that defends the concept of the Ottoman state from its point of view or seeks to establish a caliphate or return it again. Also among the reasons What led to the emergence of extremist groups may be the absence of a climate of freedom, or the lack of a state.”

He explained that the Brotherhood raised its followers on the books of Abu al-Ala Maududi, whether writing “On Understanding the Qur’an,” “Principles of Islam,” or “Jihad in Islam,” which contain ideas of infidelity and isolation and hatred of society, which is what prompted the organization to take the path of violence, through... Establishing legitimacy, whether through the books that the group taught its followers or what Sayyed Qutb produced, and it is a reflection of the books of Maududi, and in the end the Brotherhood represents a symbol of violence through its rich production of these ideas.

Mounir Adeeb, a researcher in the affairs of extremist movements and international terrorism, says: “These organizations affect international peace and security because they incite hatred, and because they are an enemy of humanity. They sanction the blood of citizens in a racist and sectarian manner, and they kill Muslims themselves, because they describe them as outcasts, apostates, and tyrants.” As long as they do not believe in its ideas, and also fight those who do not believe in its religion, such as Christians, these organizations have a problem with those with whom they disagree religiously or politically, and therefore they are a danger to all of humanity.”

T/ Satt.

ANHA