This came in an article by the Lebanese writer Hanna Saleh published in Al-Sharq Al-Awsat newspaper in his edition today, Saleh said "immediately with the end of the US-Turkish marathon meetings in Ankara by announcing that the two sides agreed to establish a" joint coordination center in Turkey on the establishment and management of the buffer zone», till the finishing of the campaign launched by Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan since January 2019, that his country intends to enter militarily to the east of the Euphrates to impose a " buffer zone"; because the Turkish national security is at stake! , And saw in it a long time Perhaps the most important thing that Ankara deliberately obscured was not to mention the fate of its basic demands, namely: the depth of this region and the limits of its extension, and how it will be managed and with what forces?
There is no doubt that the Turkish President, who threatened the Kurds east of the Euphrates that he would bury them under the soil or they must accept humiliation, was in urgent need to preserve his face, after the state of inaction and absolute inability to any field move, despite bringing military crowds that were bound on the frontier of the Syrian border, and mobilized his followers Of the Syrians «political Islam» who formed a front for the Turkish occupation in the region called «Euphrates Shield», and later in Afrin. And because the American negotiator did not recognize the Turkish transition to an alliance with Russia, which is impossible without taking its opinion to chart the next course of developments in Syria, this party found that the moment is right; a mere “promise to sell” would be enough to satisfy Turkish arrogance! What was metaphorically described as a "minimum" agreement between the two sides, and is well known that President Trump was the first to talk about a "buffer zone" immediately after the first US announcement of the intention to withdraw fully from the east of the Euphrates.
Because Turkey knows in depth, the size of this consensus closes the doors to any Turkish military adventure to invade and occupy the region, so it launched a new concept, namely the agreement on the establishment of a “peace corridor”. This name has a precise meaning and a clear Turkish dimension. The warnings voiced by Foreign Minister Oglu launched that his country would reject any delay or procrastination on the part of the Americans, and it is clear that in the mind of the Manbij Agreement signed in June 2018 and so far has not been implemented in accordance with the Turkish reading based on the principle of entry into the city, if so The Manbij Accord is a medium city How is the situation in the east of the Euphrates, which is equivalent to one third of the Syrian area?
Undoubtedly, Turkey, which considers the agreement a victory, will not abandon the demand to free the entire border area of the Kurdish People's Protection Units (YPG), the demand to withdraw heavy weapons, or the demand for its military contribution to the new arrangements to be governed in northeastern Syria. On the other hand, Washington has no objection to the demand to withdraw heavy weapons. In any case, it has in recent days enhanced the level of armament of SDF, and the debate will be open on other issues. It is evident that the American offer is to manage a 140-kilometer, not 460-kilometer zone as Turkey wants, and to limit the depth to about 15 kilometers and not 35, while retaining a role in the arrangements for the Syrian Democratic Forces, taking into account the size of the Kurdish population density, and to remain outside the search. The status of border cities with major symbolism such as Ain al-Arab - Kobani, Qamishli and al-Hasakah, which will have internal arrangements similar to the situation in Manbij.
In this sense, the American vision seems closer to the establishment of a "buffer zone" than a "safe zone", and in northeastern Syria inside Syrian territory, Ankara fulfills its demand not to threaten its borders ... "Basically, SDF, which fought the longest war against terrorism," ISIS, a war that is premature to end, has never threatened Turkish territory, and the repeated targeting by the Turkish leadership of the Kurdish-Syrian environment allied to the Americans is an attempt by the Turkish presidency, which is betting on escaping the large amount of Turkish internal problems. .
Because Turkey's rulers are aware of the truth and essence of the agreement, they have begun to promote the idea of a "corridor of peace", an idea that cannot be refused, especially since Ankara is talking about preparing for the start of a massive return of Syrian refugees from Turkey. On the one hand, this coincides with the negative developments surrounding the situation of Syrian refugees there, as it appears that the stage of investment in the asylum paper is no longer valid. But that Turkey has prevented many return to the Euphrates Shield, where it occupies the equivalent of 10% of the Syrian area, including Jarablus, al-Bab, Azaz and others, and implement the widest Turkish policy that starts with education and includes jobs and economic production ... What is rumored to desire Turkey wants to accumulate large numbers of refugees, including units of the Free Army linked to the Turkish army, so that this “corridor of peace” becomes a buffer belt.
All plans are uncovered, and nothing confirms a definitive, but steady, turn for the Americans, those who have not abandoned the obsession with rearranging US-Turkish relations are two things:
- The first withdrawal of the Turkish fuse for unilateral military action in the east of the Euphrates, and this has secured and rested the Kurdish situation;
The second is the long-term success of the US in providing partial understandings with Turkey, understandings that curtail the Turkish rush to the Russian axis, which Washington is relying on to put more pressure on Moscow, whether to return to the Geneva track to settle the Syrian crisis, or to tighten the screws further on the Revolutionary Guards and the affiliated militias. In the context of the American pressure announced to remove the Iranian presence from Syria.