The SDC is the political, national and democratic umbrella for the regions of northeastern Syria. The Council was established in January 2015 at the invitation of the Democratic Society Movement (TEV_DEM) and with the participation of 103 delegates from various components and political orientations of Syria.
More than 27 parties and political and social organizations, as well as independent personalities from all components of north and east of Syria, participate in the council. The Council has 19 representatives. The organizational structure of the Council consists of the Presidential Council, the Executive Body with seven offices, namely the Youth Office, the Women's Office, the Public Information Office, the Public Relations Office, the Finance Office, the Organizational Office and the Secretariat Office.
In addition to the cities of north and east of Syria, the Council of SDC has opened several offices in a number of international countries, such as the United States of America, Austria, and southern Kurdistan, the council is also working to open an office in Egypt.
To shed more light on the overall activities of the Council at home and abroad, the level of relations with external powers, the results of meetings held by the Council, and the Council's future endeavors. We held a long meeting with the co-chair of the Syrian Democratic Council Amina Omar.
- What is the level of relations with international powers, and what topics were raised during the meetings?
After the liberation of more north and east areas of Syria and the gains that had been achieved, the SDC's relations developed diplomatically. Before these gains, the world did not want to sit down and talk to the Council. As a result of the gains that had been achieved, many countries seek to communicate with us and visit us, such as France, Britain, America and others. We had meetings with representatives of many countries. During the meetings we discussed the situation in north and east of Syria.
'Turkish threats are core to all discussions'
The main issue raised during the discussions and talks is the threats of the Turkish state to occupy our region. Turkish threats against our region pose a great danger. We do not pose any threat to the Turkish state, they seek to find arguments and justifications for attacking us. Through these threats, they seek to end the project of a democratic nation. Their soldiers are massed on the border waiting for launching the attack instructions. Coalition countries in the north and east of Syria should be firm on these threats. Because we worked together to eliminate ISIS, and saved the whole world from ISIS's threat. Therefore, these countries must fulfill their moral responsibilities and put pressure on Turkey in this regard.
After the phase of eliminating ISIS, the second phase is being discussed. In the second stage, the political solution is discussed. We seek to participate in the endeavors of a political solution. We have the right legitimate and have the right to participate in the political process. Our primary goal is to find a political solution to the region's crisis. ISIS has been defeated, but the mentality of ISIS still exists, and the sleeper cells left by ISIS are still active in the region. After the defeat of ISIS, the international powers must fulfill their responsibilities in the second phase as well. An international tribunal should be established in north and east of Syria to prosecute ISIS mercenaries. Thousands of ISIS families still live in our camps; a solution must be found.
- How are the positions of States on all of these topics you raise?
The countries with whom we are discussing these issues express their support. Regarding the threats of the Turkish state, they affirm their opposition to any war and say, "We do not want a new war to break out in the region." Such a war would help revive ISIS again. They say the reason they are here is to eliminate ISIS. As for the participation in the political process, they affirm the necessity of our participation and presence. They know the truth and assure us this right, but the practical application is very weak. Their positions are not enough. Anyone can say that we are in favor of dialogue and negotiations. But these statements must be accompanied by firm positions. Any attack by the Turkish state would revive ISIS again and open a new front. We don't need a buffer zone. We live in security and peace and we will never accept Turkey's conditions for a 32km security zone.
Our prerequisite for establishing a buffer zone is the liberation of Afrin. The Turkish state does not accept negotiations on this issue and seeks to establish a buffer zone on its own terms. We also reject the terms and proposals of the Turkish state.
- Delegations from many countries have visited the region, in your opinion to what extent these visits and meetings will affect the future of the region.
Yes, delegations from many countries of the world have visited north and east Syria and have had very positive impressions of the region. As our relations expand, these relations will open councils to us, and many countries send official requests to visit the region. The region must be formally recognized by an international resolution, and these visits will help lay the groundwork for official recognition of our regions.
- What is the level of your relations with regional powers?
With the exception of the Turkish state, we have new relations with all the forces of the region. We tried to strengthen our relations with Turkey, but the Turkish state evades dialogue Through its threats, it expressed its rejection of any dialogue. The Turkish state does not want to solve the Syrian crisis, nor does it want us to be part of the solution.
During the past year we have had two dialogues with the Syrian regime, but unfortunately these talks have not continued. The Syrian regime was not serious about dialogue. This means that the Syrian regime is not yet ready for dialogue. We must lay the foundations for dialogue with the Syrian regime, develop this dialogue and make progress.
What are your future projects?
We have made good steps in terms of dialogue and meetings. We held three forums for dialogue in our regions. The participation of many well-known personalities, and as a result of these forums changed the views of many participants, especially the negative prejudices about SDC and the project of the democratic nation. We held talks with France and Austria. The Council delegation will also visit Germany to develop relations with European countries. In the coming period, we will also organize seminars in Jordan, Egypt and Saudi Arabia. We seek to reach a common vision among all parties of the Syrian opposition, and on this basis we have endeavors to hold a national conference with the opposition forces, and then to reach a conference at the level of Syria in general.