The formation of the Autonomous Administration of Northern and Eastern Syria was announced in accordance with the decision of the third founding conference of the Syrian Democratic Council, which was held in al-Tabqa city in July 16, 2018, which resulted in the formation of an administrative structure that would coordinate services among the liberated areas and the Democratic Autonomous Administration in the regions of northern and eastern Syria.
The final statement, completed its work in Ain Issa district, resulted in the formation of the preparatory committee for Autonomous Administration of Northern and Eastern Syria on 6-9-2018 during a meeting of 70 members from various departments in northern and eastern Syria and the seven departments at the headquarters of the Syrian Democratic Council.
During the meeting, the 70-member General Council for the Autonomous Administration of Northern and Eastern Syria was formed through consultation with the administrations and civil councils during the meeting.
The General Council for Autonomous Administration consists of 70 members, 49 of which are from the legislative councils of the autonomous and civil councils, and 21 from the technocrats, which were approved by the preparatory committee and discussed by other departments.
The General Council shall hold its meetings whenever necessary to ratify on the regulations and laws issued by the Executive Council and discuss the problems and difficulties facing the seven departments and the problems of the people in the areas of Autonomous Administration, so that the decision shall be effective after the vote by the majority of the members of the council.
Siham Qurio and Farid Ati were elected as the co-chairs of the General Council for the Autonomous Administration of Northern and Eastern Syria, the General Office of the five-member council and the co-chairs of the Executive Committee "Berivan Khalid and Abdul Hamid Al-Mahbash".
Structure of the Executive Council
The co-chair of the Executive Council mandated Abdul Hamid Al-Mehbash and Berivan Khaled to form the Autonomous Administrations’ bodies and offices for northern and eastern Syria. After completing the formation of the Autonomous Administration’s bodies and offices, which will be given confidence by the General Council in 3-10-2018.
In its organizational structure, the Executive Council of the North and East of Syria comprises 10 bodies, 7 offices and a department, namely: "The Authority of Economy and Agriculture, Health and Environment, Finance, Education, Interior, Social Affairs and Labor, Women, Culture, Youth and Sports, and Local Authorities".
The Executive Council has seven offices, namely, the Office of Defense, Religions and Beliefs, Advisory, Information, Oil and Underground Resources, Development and Planning, and the Office of Humanitarian Affairs, and the Department of foreign Relations.
Foreign relations were transformed from "office" to "department" based on a proposal submitted by the co-chair of foreign relations, and approved by the General Council during its meeting held in April 7, 2019; thus, its name has become "Department of Foreign Relations."
The General Council for the Autonomous Administration approved the internal regulations of the ten bodies, the Information Office, the Foreign Relations Department, and the Defense Office, while approving the internal regulations of the other offices during its sessions in the coming period.
Structure of the Justice Council
The Justice Council in the Autonomous Administration of Northern and Eastern Syria has 13 members with experience and holders of law certificates; they have a long journey in the legal work. They were nominated by the preparatory committee which lasted for 6 months. The formation was announced in 25th April, 2019 and holds the co-chairmanship of the council both Imad Karaf and Avin Haha Hammu.
The co-chairs of the Executive Council are Abdul Hamid Al-Mehbash, Berivan Khalid, and five deputies: Farhad Al-Shibli, Hamdan Al-Abed, Elizabeth Korea, Riad Al-Hafl and Amina Osei."
The Autonomous Administration of Northern and Eastern Syria is a coordinating organizational department among the seven autonomous and civil administrations taking into account the specificity of each department.
Regarding the mechanism of coordination between the bodies and offices of Autonomous Administration with the committees and similar bodies in the seven Autonomous and civil Administrations and be in the form of periodic monthly meetings to find out the reality of work and evaluation and overcome the difficulties encountered in each of them, as well as through the tours of offices and bodies of the Autonomous Administration of Northern and Eastern Syria on the seven departments.
The terms in the seven departments differ for similar committees of the Autonomous Administration bodies and offices so that they are known as a committee or office in the civil administrations: Raqqa, Tabqa, Manbij, Deir Ezzor, and an authority in the Autonomous Administration "Al-Jazeera, Afrin, Euphrates", as the civil administrations are newly formed.
The Autonomous Administration is located in the town of Ein Issa, located in Tal Abyad / Girê Spi canton, in the Euphrates region.
The most prominent work of the department at the internal, external levels
The Autonomous Administration managed to rebuild the infrastructure in all areas of northern and eastern Syria, especially recently liberated from ISIS mercenaries "Raqqa, Tabqa and Deir Ezzor."
In this regard, the co-chair of the Executive Council, Berivan Khaled, pointed out that the Executive Council, through the service agencies, was able to provide basic services to the citizens during the first year of its establishment. The bodies have rehabilitated the health, education and service sector including water, electricity, roads and others.
She explained that the work of the Autonomous Administration is to coordinate between its bodies and similar committees in the seven departments and this is through the review of their work on a monthly basis and evaluated and urged them to do more services to citizens.
She noted that the experience of the department has proved successful since its first year in its ability to coordinate the work among the seven autonomous and civil departments of its own.
On the external level, she said, the Autonomous Administration witnessed a wide openness to foreign relations, especially visits of delegations and signing international agreements.